The New Covenant Passover: A Mystery

The Mystery of the New Covenant Passover

The New Covenant Pesach (Passover) is a Mystery, whose secrets have for centuries remained obscured by Tradition, but hidden in plain sight within the Scriptures, for all to see!

As we draw closer to the time of the Bridegroom’s return, we are beginning to see more clearly some of the prophetic pictures necessary for the Bride’s preparation. Of these preparation items now coming into view, perhaps one of the most significant is the Mystery of the Everlasting (New) Covenant Passover.

On this page, we present a consolidation of posts and articles dealing with issues of great significance regarding the Biblical Passover. Many aspects of the New Covenant Passover have remained hidden in plain sight in the Scriptures as New Covenant Mysteries, but are now being opened and revealed for all to see. These aspects of Passover are highly relevant to the Bride, and they are a vital part of her preparation.


Passover: A New Covenant Mystery

  • Passover: The Marriage Supper of the Lamb – The Passover Lamb’s Marriage Supper has many features that mirror the Passover Supper. All Believers are invited to the Feast — but very few are willing to leave their comfort zone of Tradition to attend the annual Rehearsal Dinner
  • Passover: Confirming the New Covenant – The Passover meal is the formal occasion in which the Believer says “I Do” to the Bridegroom; the Believer’s formal acceptance of betrothal into the Marriage Covenant

Passover Thoughts: The Mystery Revealed

  1. Passover: An Appointed Meeting Time With the King – The great importance of meeting with the King at the times He has appointed
  2. Two Kinds of Passover – Each one must choose for himself: Will I follow Rabbinic Tradition — or will I follow the Scriptures?
  3. Was the Last Supper a Passover? The Clear Words of Yahushua – As Believers, we must begin to believe that the words of Yahushua are righteous and true, and let go of our Tradition; true vs counterfeit Passover meal
  4. The Last Supper: Leavened or Unleavened Bread? – As Believers, let us not become befuddled by the Traditions of the Theologians, but let us follow exactly as the Scriptures tell us
  5. Unleavened Bread: Which Day? – Believing that Yahushua’s words are True, is the key that unlocks our understanding of the Gospel accounts
  6. The Hidden Logic of Scripture: Eating the Passover Lamb the night before it is killed? – Will we continue leaning on man-made logic that hinges on Rabbinic writing and Tradition — or will we begin to lean on what the Scriptures actually say? Examines the Biblical definition of the phrase, “between the evenings.”
  7. Passover: Is it Jewish — or For All Believers? – Having been born as Gentiles, many Believers today do not yet realise what Passover is; most today have been taught religious fables and un-Scriptural Tradition regarding those things that our Beloved Jewish Messiah expects of His Bride
  8. When is Passover? How is its timing determined? – A basic look at how the Passover dates are determined; Also contains Links to basic Resources for further understanding
  9. The Feast of Firstfruits – Messiah was resurrected within the exact timing of the Biblical Feast of Early Firstfruits
  10. The Second Passover – For those who miss the first Passover, a second chance is given; Scriptures reveal the great importance and significance of New Covenant Believers’ participation in Messiah’s Passover

The Passover: Which Day — Truth or Tradition

  • When Do We Eat the Passover Supper, According to Scripture? – Today we are rapidly undergoing the promised ‘Restitution of all things,’ in which the restoring of the true timing of Passover plays a major part. But how do we determine the Biblical timing of the Passover Supper? The Torah and the Testimony together reveal the timing of the Passover Memorial supper.
  • Passover: Seven Days or One Day? – When we follow Rabbinic Tradition of Passover instead of Scripture, we fall into disobedience. We fail to celebrate Messiah’s Passover, for Rabbinic Tradition does not celebrate Passover, but only Unleavened (Lk 22:1) — which [by Tradition] is called Passover! When we misunderstand certain prophetic statements regarding the Passover, we distort the Biblical picture of Passover; When we choose to acknowledge Messiah’s words and example, the Biblical Passover picture becomes clear.
  • Passover: Which Day-Truth or Tradition? Part 1 – Following Yahushua requires commitment to Truth
  • Passover: Which Day-Truth or Tradition? Part 2 – What did Yahushua say? Will we choose to believe Messiah’s words — or continue to believe popular Tradition?
  • Passover: Which Day-Truth or Tradition? Part 3 – As Believers, we are to follow Him as Little Children; Obedience brings separation from the multitudes
  • Passover: Which Day-Truth or Tradition? Part 4 – Passover: Yahushua’s words and examples reveal the True Passover; Error and misunderstanding arise when we disregard Yahushua’s words; things hidden in Torah for the Bride to seek out, and find; seeking out the witness of Torah for everything
  • Passover: Which Day-Truth or Tradition? Part 5 – By comparing the Passover Torah Requirements to those for the Feast of Unleavened, we can see a vivid revelation of the prescribed, exact timing for the Biblical Passover meal, giving us new understanding of the events surrounding Messiah’s sacrificial death

Passover: New Covenant Considerations


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Receiving Our Full Reward

“…Scriptures tell us clearly that the Torah — the commandments, statutes, and judgments, the ‘old’ Testament writings — have become the Terms and Conditions or ‘fine print’ of the ‘new’ Covenant, whose Biblical name is the ‘Everlasting’ Covenant.”

As Disciples of Yahushua Messiah, we all desire to receive our reward. But are we aware that in order to receive a full reward, we must beware, and take heed to the many warnings in Scripture?

Notice this passage:

Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have wrought [produced; performed; worked for], but that we receive a full reward. (2John 1:8)

Here we are told that we can lose part of our reward if we are not careful.

Some may ask, “But what is our reward, and how do we obtain it?” or “How can we insure that we receive the full reward?”

For the answers to these questions, let’s look in the Scriptures:

“After these things the word of the LORD [Messiah Himself] came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.” (Genesis 15:1)

Here we see Messiah telling Abraham, that He [Messiah Himself] is Abraham’s Exceeding Great Reward.

And since the ‘new’ Covenant Believers become partakers of the Everlasting Covenant promises made to Abraham (Galatians 3:14), we conclude that Abraham’s promised Great Reward is our promised Great Reward — which is none other than the Bride’s reward of the Bridegroom Himself!

But as mentioned in the above passage (2John 1:8), we are given many warnings throughout the ‘new’ Testament writings that we must heed, if we are to receive our full reward!

The Issues that Determine Our Reward

Without listing the many hazards we must avoid, we will look at the main issues that will determine the ‘fulness’ of our reward:

  1. Our understanding of who Messiah is
  2. Our understanding of what Messiah’s words are
  3. Our obedience to Messiah’s words

With the above list in mind, let us now look at the Scriptures that tell us plainly how we can receive the ‘full’ reward, even the ‘Great Reward’ of Messiah as our Bridegroom:

The law [Torah] of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. 8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes. 9 The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD [His ‘House Rules’] are true and righteous altogether. 10 More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. 11 Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.” (Psalms 19:7-11)

“He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations. 9 Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; 10 And confirmed the same [oath/covenant] unto Jacob for a law, and [the same oath/covenant] to Israel for an everlasting covenant:” (Psalms 105:8-10)

In the above passage (Psalms 19:7-11), we see an overview of the great reward, which is the same as the ‘Exceeding Great Reward’ of Messiah Himself, as promised to Abraham. The above passage also gives us the conditions for obtaining the reward — having the fear of Yahuweh, and the keeping of His Torah, and His testimonies, statutes, commandments, and judgments.

The next passage above (Psalms 105:8-10), shows us that the same covenant made with Abraham, and the same oath made to Isaac, became Yahuweh’s Everlasting Covenant, commanded for a thousand generations, whose provisions, or Terms and Conditions, are seen throughout the ‘old’ Testament writings.

It is the ‘new’ testament writings that tell us that the ‘Everlasting’ Covenant seen throughout the ‘old’ testament, is the very same covenant as the ‘new’ Covenant that Messiah invites all to make with Him today, yet with the many ‘better’ things listed in the book of Hebrews (Hebrews 13:20; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20).

The above passages and many other Scriptures tell us clearly that the Torah — the commandments, statutes, and judgments, the ‘old’ Testament writings — have become the Terms and Conditions or ‘fine print’ of the ‘new’ Covenant, whose Biblical name is the ‘Everlasting’ Covenant.

What does this tell us?

Our full reward is based on our obedience to the Everlasting Covenant — our obedience to Messiah’s words!

According to Messiah’s own words, if we attempt to keep ONLY the ‘new’ Testament commandments — and do not obey the ‘old’ Testament commandments — we are bearing witness of one of the following:

  1. We do not know Messiah: That is, we do not know that it was Messiah, as the WORD of Yahuweh in the ‘old’ Testament, who gave the Torah, the Writings, and the Prophets — all the words of the ‘old’ Testament that define the terms and conditions of the Everlasting [New] Covenant;
  2. We do not love Messiah: For it was Messiah who said, “If ye love me, keep MY commandments” (John 14:15).

Some may ask, “If we are Born-Again, and are ‘in’ Messiah, why should we choose to obey Messiah’s commandments in Torah?”

Beloved, when we initially place our trust in Yahushua for forgiveness of our sins, we become ‘Born-Again’ or born from above, whereby He comes to live within us, by His Spirit. Like the Israelites at the moment they were set free from bondage in Egypt, we too have have begun our journey, but we too have not yet reached our goal.

Those whom He ‘brings out’ of bondage of sin, He invites to follow Him, in order to ‘bring them in’ with Him (Deut 6:23). He says, “Follow Me” (Mat 16:24; John 8:12; 10:27; 12:26).

And so if we truly love Him, we will choose to follow Him, by obeying His Commandments.

Choosing to Follow Messiah

If we would choose to follow Messiah, and to serve Him, we must fully ‘Believe’ in Him, by following in His footsteps — by walking as He walked. In order to ‘follow’ Messiah, we must not only ‘believe’ in His initial work of mercy and Redemption in our lives, but also we must abide in Him, by ‘believing’ [being a “DO-er” of] His words:

“If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.” (John 12:26)

If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide <3306> [remain; continue] in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.” (John 15:10)

He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.” (1John 2:6)

“And he that keepeth his commandments dwelleth <3306> [remain; continue] in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abideth <3306> [remain; continue] in us, by the Spirit which he hath given us.” (1John 3:24)

“Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue <3306> [remain; continue] in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;” (John 8:31)

“Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.” (Revelation 22:14)

According to the above Scripture passages, the only way we can abide [‘remain’] in Him is to keep [obey] His commandments — to walk as He walked, by keeping the commandments He gave to Moses. We must remember, that the ‘old’ Testament writings were all given by Messiah Himself, and are HIS commandments.

Then we see in the Revelation passage, it is those who ‘do’ His commandments that will ‘enter in’ through the gates, into the City of the King. This is how He will ‘bring us in’ — if we choose to follow Him, by walking as He walked.

Beloved, if we are to be fitted as ‘living stones’ into the true Temple, we must each have our foundation on the rock of ‘hearing and doing’ the Words of Messiah (Mat 7:24; Luke 6:47). When properly established, our personal foundation [Messiah living within us] will always! be in accordance with the words of the Apostles and Holy Prophets of Scripture (Ephesians 2:20).

Let us not forget, that it was the Holy Prophets throughout Scripture, who called, and continue to call, Yahuwah’s people to full repentance, even today — calling them to abide in Messiah, through obedience to His Commandments in Torah!

Messiah and the New Covenant Apostles [primarily Sha’ul/Paul, who himself was a prophet (Acts 13:1)] all gave us prophetic insight into the New Covenant, as spoken by the Holy Prophets of old!

Not Under Compulsion — but Voluntary

The Prophets in Scripture all refer us back to Torah — no longer under compulsion, but exhorting us to voluntarily choose — as a bond-slave set free to choose to follow our new Master, and to serve Him, by being obedient to His Words.

To ‘compel’ a freed slave to choose a new Master, would be a violation of Torah in itself; and so throughout the ‘new’ Testament writings, we see Paul and the other apostles following Torah themselves, while being careful not to command Torah obedience by those being set free from the bondage of sin, but only to exhort them to obedience.

Love, by its very nature, can not be commanded, but can only be chosen by one’s own desire. And so it is with us as followers of Yahushua. Loving Messiah by obedience to His Word, can not be commanded, but can only be chosen.

According to Messiah’s words, many will travel on the wide road. Few will choose to follow Messiah through obedience, and travel on the narrow road. Those who do, will be ‘in’ His Kingdom, and will also be called greatest in the kingdom (Matthew 5:19b).

Choosing Not to Follow Messiah

Among the Believers, there are many who will choose not to follow Messiah by obedience. These also will be ‘in’ His Kingdom, but will be least in the kingdom (Matthew 5:19a). These will likely hear one of the following:

  1. I never knew You… [you did not follow ME, so I do not know You] (Matthew 7:23b, 25:12; John 10:27);
  2. You do not love Me… [you continue to be a worker of ‘iniquity’ — you continue to refuse MY words, and are disobedient to MY words written in Torah]; depart from me, ye that work iniquity <458> [‘Law-less-ness’ — void of obedience to the Mosaic Law]… (Matthew 7:23c; Proverbs 8:17)

Beloved, let us avoid being among them who will hear Messiah saying those words.

Let us choose to follow Messiah! Let us earnestly and prayerfully seek Messiah in the Scriptures, as we endeavour to ‘enter in’ through the gates, into the City of the King. Let us keep both the Commandments of Yahuweh, and have the Faith of Yahushua (Rev 22:14).

In this way we will receive our full Reward!

Related Articles:

  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins – Yahushua tells us why many today are not prepared.
  • The Wise and Foolish: According to Yahushua – Messiah tells us in clear and simple terms for our instruction, who the wise and foolish are today!
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins: The Separation of the Wise – The Scriptures reveal a 2-step process of separation from the multitudes, for those who would grow in Wisdom.
  • Let No Man Steal Your Crown – Reveals there are men today trying to take away, and steal your Bridal veil, and your crown; things that allow your crown to be stolen; the Doctrine of Balaam, and how it will steal your crown.
  • Contending for The Faith – We are exhorted to contend, to fight to remain in The Faith that was originally given. Scripture shows what The Faith is, and shows why and how we must contend for The Faith. Overview of how the adversary attacks the foundation of The Faith, with examples of contending for The Faith.
  • Who is the Chaste Virgin? – The Bridegroom is coming for His Bride — one who is chaste, and without corruption. The Scriptures warn us of the many forms of corruption, and how to remove them, in order to remain chaste, and ready for the Bridegroom.
  • The Wedding of the King’s Son: A Parable – A parable revealing the astonishing – and magnificent – nature of the New Covenant.
  • WWYD – What Would Yahushua Do? – The simplest test of what we should do in every aspect of life, to enable us to determine “Truth” and to enable us to “enter in” to the Promised Land. Shows Yahushua as our example in all things.
  • The Promised Land: Choosing to Enter In – Yahuweh gives us freedom to choose whom we will serve; we may then choose to enter in, by His Grace, or we may choose not to enter in, depending on our choices
  • The Ten Commandments – Also called The Ten Words, these Scripture passages are shown in both Hebrew and English, enabling us to see for ourselves what these Commandments actually say. When we as New Covenant Believers understand whose words they are, we can better know how to respond to them.
  • Obeying Torah is Not About Salvation – Obedience to the Torah [Father’s House Rules for His family] is not about our redemption by Yahushua’s blood. Instead, it is Messiah’s New Testament instruction to all Born-again Believers, in how to abide in Him, how to love Him, and how to walk as He walked.
  • True Grace – by David M Hargis – A Biblically accurate overview of New Covenant Grace as used in the context of the majority of the apostle Paul’s writings.
  • Grace-Grace – As seen in Zechariah 4, Yahuweh’s New Testament Grace is two-fold; both aspects His Grace are required to walk in Righteousness.
  • New Covenant Liberty: Freedom to Choose – Many surprising and astonishing features of the New Covenant are revealed in this in-depth look at the New Covenant.
  • The Way of Truth: According to the Scriptures – Truth is seen in Scripture not as an abstract, mental idea, but as the living person of Yahushua. It is only when we allow Messiah-in-us to walk in His own Truth, that Truth is made manifest to us, and we then walk in the Light. Scripture reveals the consequences of walking in Truth, and of NOT walking in Truth.

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Passover: Seven Days or One Day?

“…many are finding that the Biblical Passover puzzle-pieces do not fit the modern, traditional picture of Passover — a clue that our picture of Passover has been distorted, and is not Scriptural.”

Is Passover a seven-day Feast, or a one-day Feast?

To answer this question, we must first acknowledge the mystery nature of Passover. And to do this, we will look at an analogy.

The Picture Puzzle

The full revelation of Passover is like the picture on the front of the picture-puzzle box, for it reveals the picture shown by the completed puzzle.

Since we do not yet have the full revelation, the full picture, we do the next-best thing. We attempt to imagine what the full picture looks like, simply by examining a few pieces of the puzzle found in Scripture.

The problem is compounded, by the fact that Yahuweh delights in giving only a few puzzle-pieces of understanding to any one person. He then requires that we share together the pieces He has given.

Father delights in our working together, to bring forth the fullness of the picture He has prepared for us — for it is the picture of Messiah Himself.

Many today have been given a few Biblical puzzle-pieces of Passover understanding. They are looking closely at these Biblical puzzle-pieces, and are trying to assemble the puzzle, while trying to understand the big picture.

But there is a problem!

While trying to assemble the puzzle, most Messianics today have been looking at the modern-day, traditional picture of Passover, painted by Rabbinic Tradition — which has all but obscured the Biblical picture of Passover.

While trying to fit the Biblical Passover puzzle-pieces to the modern, traditional Passover picture, many are finding that the Biblical Passover puzzle-pieces do not fit the modern, traditional picture of Passover – a clue that our picture of Passover has been distorted, and is not Scriptural.

This distortion in our understanding results in issues labelled as troublesome by some, and perhaps even contradictory by others. For those who are serious about returning to Biblical practice, we must identify all non-Biblical ideas and issues, and remove these from our practice. There are several such issues in Scripture, with which we must deal one at a time.

In this writing, we will look at certain Passover Scripture passages, and compare these to what we see in the traditional practice of Passover. We will begin with the prophetic Passover statement made in Ezekiel 45:21:

In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten. (Ezekiel 45:21)

In the above passage, Ezekiel tells us clearly that the Feast of Passover is a 7-day feast.

Let us next notice the following passages:

In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:5-6)

And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. 17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. (Numbers 28:16-17)

In the above Torah passages, we are told clearly that Passover is a 1-day event, occurring in the fourteenth day of the first Biblical month. We see also that the Feast of Unleavened is a 7-day Feast, beginning on the fifteenth day of the first month.

Let us now narrow our focus, to closely examine and compare these statements.

The Prophetic Contradiction

First, we notice that the words of Ezekiel say:

“…the passover, a feast of seven days…”

Then we see that the words of Torah say:

“…the fourteenth day of the first month… is the… passover…”

On first glance, the words of Ezekiel appear to contradict the words of Torah!

And, according to Deuteronomy 13:5, anyone who speaks or teaches in contradiction to, or against, the words of Torah, is deserving of death.

Would Ezekiel contradict Torah?

No!

So, what shall we do? Ezekiel tells us clearly that the Feast of Passover is a 7-day feast — and appears to contradict the clear statements in Torah, that Passover is a 1-day feast.

Messiah appeals to us, that we should not be among the foolish — those who are slow of heart to believe [be “DO-ers” of] all the words of the Prophets (Luke 24:25). This means if we are to be wise, we are to believe [be “DO-ers” of — to obey] all the words of the prophets.

So, what are we to do? Are we to follow the prophet’s words in Ezekiel 45:21 — or do we disbelieve all the words of the prophets, and follow only Torah?

Let us also be reminded that there are no contradictions in Scripture. If one passage appears to be in
contradiction to another, is faulty understanding on our part..

Let us look further.

Some would say the problem is solved in the rearrangement of the words in the Ezekiel passage:

In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall celebrate the Feast of the Passover, and for seven days unleavened bread shall be eaten. (Ezekiel 45:21 – ESV)

The above wording would be more clear, and would find agreement with the Torah passages, but this wording is not the answer. This answer would merely conceal the prophetic meaning of Passover that Ezekiel’s prophecy reveals, as we shall see confirmed by the apostle Sha’ul, who is also called Paul!

The words of the prophet Ezekiel include many major, prophetic revelations of New Covenant truths — and our passage in Ezekiel 45:21 is one of these!

And so in order to uncover the mystery of Ezekiel’s words, we will first review and summarise a few of the prophetic puzzle-pieces we have discussed thus far in other writings, as compiled in The New Covenant Passover: A Mystery.

The Prophetic Passover: An Overview

As an overview of the Scripture accounts, we saw in this article that the Feast of Pesach [Passover] and the Feast of Matzah [Unleavened] are two separate Feasts — each with its own specific requirements, and each with its own unique memorial, and each with its own prophetic meaning. We will summarise these briefly, as follows.

The Passover observance speaks of the true sacrifice of Messiah, as seen in the pattern of the Israelites’ original Passover observance while in Egypt, and demonstrated by Messiah in the Gospel accounts.

The Passover Lamb [Messiah] is the sacrifice (Ex 12:27), to be killed in the fourteenth day (Ex 12:6; Ex 12:21; 2Chron 30:15). The blood of the sacrifice is to be sprinkled on the doorpost of the heart, and the flesh of the sacrifice is to be eaten with unleavened bread (Ex 34:25) — by all those within the blood-sprinkled household, the Born-Again Believers in whom Messiah dwells (Luke 22:19-20; John 6:53; Col 1:27).

Messiah tells us that the Passover is to be observed annually forever, as a memorial or ‘remembrance’ of Messiah’s death (Ex 12:14; Luke 22:19-20).

Thus the 1-day Passover speaks of Messiah as our Passover [sacrificial] Lamb , and as such He is our life.

The 7-day Feast of Unleavened, however, speaks of the complete lifetime of the Believer, during which lifetime he is to live an unleavened life, one of sincerity and truth. The unleavened life, however, is not automatic, but is contingent upon our experience of the Passover sacrifice, which must first occur.

We then see that our 7-day ‘Messiah Passover’ life is thus to be lived for the completion of our lifetime on earth.  That is, once we have personally received Messiah’s initial, one-time sacrifice for us, on our behalf, we are to then live in a perpetual state of ‘keeping the Feast’ of sincerity and truth.

The Prophetic Passover: Revealed by the Apostle Paul

This prophetic overview of Passover is confirmed by the apostle Sha’ul, who also is called Paul.

But first we must ask, “Who was Paul?”

Scripture tells us two very important bits of information about Paul.

First, we are told that Paul was among the ‘prophets and teachers’ (Acts 13:1).

Second, Paul himself tells us that he writes to those Believers [‘brethren’] who know the Law [Torah] (Romans 7:1). That is, in the Hebrew sense of the word, Paul writes to those who experience the Torah — who keep, guard, and obey Torah. Those who do not know Torah [most Gentile Believers today], will surely misunderstand most of Paul’s messages!

Because Paul had been Born-Again, [that is, the person of Messiah had been birthed within him], the spirit of Messiah was living within Paul, to open his eyes.

And because Paul was a prophet, and also observed all things written in Torah (Acts 24:14), he was able to see the prophetic pictures within the T-N-K [Torah, Writings, Prophets], also called the ‘old’ testament writings.

And so it is, that Paul gives us some prophetic insight into Ezekiel’s hidden meaning:

Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For [‘because’] even Christ our passover [sacrifice] is sacrificed for us: 8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1Corinthians 5:7-8)

In the above passage, Paul reveals that because Messiah [who is our Passover sacrifice] has been sacrificed for us, therefore the following is true:

1) We are now unleavened, because of Messiah;
2) We may now keep the Feast [Feast of Unleavened, which occurs only after, and as a result of, the Passover].

Let’s look further at Paul’s revelation.

The Revelation Given to the Apostle Paul

Paul gives us some further insight as to what Messiah is for us:

For Messiah is my life, and to die is gain. (Philippians 1:21 – HRB)

When Christ [who is] our life shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory. (Colossians 3:4)

I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. (Galatians 2:20)

And they that are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. (Galatians 5:24)

For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. (1John 2:16)

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. (Romans 12:1-2)

In the above passages, we as Believers are told that Messiah is our life; and that our life is to become a life of being crucified [sacrificed] along with Messiah.

That is, we are exhorted to present our bodies as a living sacrifice — to ‘crucify’ the tendencies of the natural man, in its affections and lusts of the flesh, of the eyes, and of the pride of life, in order to discover Father’s perfect will for our life.

Thus our entire lifetime is to be one of living the life of Messiah, as a living  Sacrifice for Messiah, in the same way that Messiah is the Passover Sacrifice for us, on our behalf. Thus our lifetime is a life of living just as Messiah did, just as if we were a Passover Sacrifice.

And so we can now see the prophetic meaning of Ezekiel’s words in Ezekiel 45:21, as revealed by Sha’ul [Paul], as follows:

In the first month, [beginning] in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover [sacrifice, which is Messiah himself], [resulting in living as the Unleavened Passover Sacrifice of Messiah, which becomes] a feast [living the unleavened life] of seven days [until the completion of your lifetime]; unleavened bread [only the unleavened teaching of the Words of Messiah] shall be eaten.  (Ezekiel 45:21 – Author’s annotation)

From this we can give a summary:

Because of Messiah’s Passover [His sacrifice for us], we are to live our ‘Passover’ [sacrificial life] as the Feast of Unleavened [a pure and unleavened life, that results from feeding on the pure and unleavened Words of Messiah] for ‘seven days’ [until the completion of our lifetime].

And so it is, that Ezekiel is indeed giving us, not a statement contradictory to Torah, of observing the Passover in the physical sense. He is instead giving us a prophetic picture of Messiahwho is our life — and that ‘to live’ is Messiah, as our Passover, for the duration of our lifetime!

But one problem remains!

How does the apostle Paul’s prophetic picture of Passover [as given by Ezekiel’s prophecy], relate to the picture of Passover observance in the physical sense, that we see in Rabbinic Tradition?

The Passover: According to Rabbinic Tradition

It must be noted that modern Rabbinic Tradition today, just as in the days of Messiah, does not observe the one-day Passover! Instead, notice what Scripture tells us:

Now the feast of unleavened bread [the Biblical 7-day Feast] drew nigh, which is called [by tradition] the Passover. (Luke 22:1 – Author’s annotation)

The above passage describes Rabbinic Tradition as seen in Yahushua’s day, and as seen even today. It should be noted that the one-day Passover is not observed by Rabbinic Tradition, but is hidden, and ‘combined’ with the Feast of Unleavened.

Instead, Rabbinic Tradition observes only the Feast of Unleavened, for seven days beginning in the night of [after sunset, marking the start of] the 15th day of the first month, calling the 7-day Feast of Unleavened by the name of Passover — exactly as described in Luke 22:1!

It is probable that the during the Babylonian captivity, the Passover observance was lost, and later only the 7-day Feast of Unleavened was recovered, perhaps renamed because of failure to see and understand the prophetic words of Ezekiel.

Today this Rabbinic Tradition observes a 7-day ‘passover’ feast, having a ‘first’ seder in the night beginning the 15th day, and a ‘second’ seder the next night, perhaps added to allow for variations in the man-made calculations used to determine Rosh Chodesh, the first day of the Biblical month.

In contrast, the Biblical Passover occurs in the night beginning the 14th day, just as Messiah and His disciples observed, exactly as Messiah said, and exactly as Messiah and His disciples demonstrate, as we see in the Gospel accounts.

Because Ezekiel’s prophetic words have not been widely understood, many today continue to devise many inventions and imaginations concerning Messiah’s last Passover, giving rise to fables and man-made doctrines that ‘fit’ the picture of Passover painted by Rabbinic Tradition.

We should remember that the prophetic words in Scripture can be understood only in the light of acknowledgment and acceptance of Yahushua Messiah’s sacrifice — and only when Messiah opens the eyes to see!

We should also remember that the words and actions of the New Testament writers are in full agreement with, and are even validated by, the words of Torah — and by ‘all the words of the prophets’ — just as as we see throughout Paul’swritings, and in Peter’s examples (Acts 15:15; 1Pet 1:16).

We must then ask, “Is there a Scriptural reason that Rabbinic Tradition does not observe the true Passover according to the Torah commandment?”

The answer to this question lies in the fact that the ‘unleavened’ life, as pictured by the Feast of Unleavened, can not be lived by man’s own effort! The unleavened life can be lived only as a result of experiencing the true Passover Sacrifice — by the acknowledgment, acceptance, and cleansing of the Blood of the True Passover Lamb, Messiah Yahushua.

It is only by the Blood of the Lamb, that Yahuweh’s Firstborn are redeemed out of the house of bondage — out of the kingdom of darkness and slavery, into the Kingdom of light and freedom. (Exodus 4:22; Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14; Hebrews 9:12; Rev 5:9).

Prior to Messiah’s Sacrifice on the tree, the Biblical Passover always was a memorial of looking forward — a looking forward in time to Messiah’s redemption of His people, by His own Blood.

From that day forward, the Biblical Passover always will be a memorial of looking backward — a looking backward in time to Messiah’s redemption of His people, by His own Blood.

As long as men embrace Rabbinic Tradition, yet reject Messiah Yahushua as the true Passover Sacrifice, they will continue to be blinded to, and will not observe, the true, Biblical one-day Passover (John 12:38-40; Romans 11:7; 2Co 3:14, 2Co 4:4). They will instead continue to observe, in man’s own strength, the unleavened life pictured in the 7-day Feast of Unleavened.

The celebration of Unleavened, without first celebrating Passover, is the prophetic illustration and embodiment of a works-based religion, and is not according to Scripture!

Those who desire to follow Messiah Yahushua as the true Passover Sacrifice, however, will embrace Messiah’s words, and Messiah’s examples in all things. For Messiah is now restoring all truth to His people, as He prepares them for His soon return.

Historical Evidence

From what we have seen thus far, we must also ask, “Is there a historical reason that Rabbinic Tradition does not observe the true Passover according to the Torah commandment?” And, “Why did Yahushua observe the Passover with His Disciples at night at the start of the 14th, while the Rabbinic authorities followed the tradition of observing Passover the next night, at the start of the 15th?”

These questions can be answered by looking back over the history of the Israelites, before and after their exile and captivity in Babylon, and from the Scriptures decribing what was to happen.

Notice what the Encyclopaedia Judaica has to say about the origin of today’s tradition, of celebrating ‘Passover’ as integral to and concurrent with the Feast of Unleavened:

“The [current] feast of Passover consists of two parts: The Passover ceremony and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Originally, both parts existed separately; but at the beginning of the exile they were combined. Passover was originally not a pilgrimage feast, but a domestic [home] ceremony consisting of the slaughtering and eating of the paschal animal.”
—Encyclopaedia Judaica, Second Edition, Vol. 15, p. 680 [emphasis added].

In the above historical account, we see that the Passover was ‘lost’ when parts of it were combined with the Feast of Unleavened, at some point around the time of the exile.

Now notice the following Scripture passage:

The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. 6 And he hath violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn feasts [‘moedim’] and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised in the indignation of his anger the king and the priest. (Lamentations 2:5-6)

As we see in the above passage, Yahuweh Himself was the one who removed, destroyed, caused to be forgotten, the proper keeping of His moedim, His Feast-days. And so even today, the Biblical Passover held on the 14th day of the first month, the first of the of the annual, Biblical appointed Times of Yahuweh, is not even celebrated today by those who continue to hold to Rabbinic Tradition.

Passover Being Restored

From the above historical account, and from Scripture, we can easily understand how even in Messiah’s day, the Passover had evolved, from the time of the exile to the present, into a hybrid celebration, in which the Passover sacrifice was slaughtered on the 14th day, and then eaten that night after the start of the 15th, coinciding with the Feast of Unleavened.

We can also understand that because Messiah came to restore all things, by His being obedient to Torah in every way, He became the living example for His disciples for all time. His example shows us how Passover [and the other moedim] are being restored even today to their rightful place, and to their rightful time of celebration, each in its own day, as appointed by our Abba Father (Lev 23:37), with each of the moedim in full agreement with the words of Torah.

It is thus Messiah’s words, and His examples in all things, that we must hold as supreme, if we are to be a part of His restoration in this generation. For it is only by Messiah’s words, and by His examples, that we are able to discern the Truths of Torah from the traditions of men.

What is done in the earth, in the natural realm, is exactly as it is in heaven, in the spiritual realm. Selah — Pause, and consider this!

Conclusion

Today, many Messianics, Yahudah and Ephraim together as one new man, are having their eyes opened. They are choosing to abandon the many un-Scriptural patterns established by Rabbinic Tradition, and are returning to the pure and unleavened teaching of Scripture alone.

Following Messiah’s example, they are returning to the Biblical observance of the one-day Passover,  after sunset at night marking the start of the 14th day of the first Biblical month. They observe the Passover supper in memory of Messiah, who become our Passover sacrifice on the tree, the sacrifice made on our behalf.

Then the next night, after sunset marking the start of the 15th day of the first Biblical month, they also begin the Biblical observance of the 7-day  Feast of Unleavened, for seven days to the end of the 21st day.

They observe the Feast of Unleavened, in memory of our exodus from Egypt, and from the the leavened life of impure, man-made principles of the world, to the unleavened life of Biblical Truth and freedom.

Surely Messiah, who is our Passover Lamb, is restoring His people to His original Truth. And as we endeavour to follow Messiah’s examples of obedience to Torah, we can be fully confident that His words, and His actions, are in full agreement with the Torah, and with all the words of the Prophets.

And as Messiah tells us,

“If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.” (John 13:17)

Now that we know these things, there is no further need to ask the question:

“Is Passover a seven-day Feast, or a one-day Feast?”

Related Articles:

  • Communion: A Man-Made Substitute for the Biblical Passover – Also called the ‘Eucharist’ and ‘Lord’s Supper,’ this man-made substitute is a counterfeit of the Biblical Passover meal eaten by Messiah and His disciples the same night in which He was betrayed. This counterfeit has been passed down to us over the centuries, and today continues to be practiced unknowingly by most evangelical Believers.
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