When is Passover?
As we saw in previous Passover Thoughts, Passover occurs after sunset, during the night of the 14th day of the first Biblical month, according to Scripture.
But when is the 14th day of the first month according to today’s calendar?
We saw previously that Scripture tells us (Ex 12:2; 13:4; Deu 16:1) the first Biblical month is the month of abib , (‘Aviv’) meaning the time when the crop is green, and in the ear. The first crop to turn green in spring time is the barley.
Reports then come in from witnesses, confirming the barley is abib in Israel. It is when the barley is ‘abib,’ or ‘green in the ear’ that marks the time of the abib, thus signifying the next new moon to be sighted would mark the beginning of the first Biblical month.
Likewise, the reports of sighting of the new moon in Israel come in from witnesses, marking the start of the first day of the new month. We recall the Biblical day begins at sundown the night before a given date, and continues until the following sundown.
Biblical Holiday Dates for the Upcoming Year
About 2 weeks prior to Passover, there will be posted information about the Biblical Holiday dates for the upcoming year (see resources list below for links to dates). As soon as the barley is considered abib (‘aviv’), the sighting of the moon will mark the beginning of the first day of the first Biblical month.
The 10th day of the first Biblical month is the day the lamb was to be taken into the house (Ex 12:3).
The 14th day of the first Biblical month is the day of Passover, and is the day the Lamb was to be slain.
Passover begins at sundown on the start of the 14th day, and ends at sundown the next day, at the end of the 14th day. This also marks the beginning of the first day of the Feast of Unleavened bread, in which ‘no leaven’ is to be eaten, or be present in the home.
The Last Supper Passover held by Yahushua and the Disciples was held after the close of the 13th day, after sundown marking the beginning of the 14th day, by Biblical reckoning. This is the time when the Passover seder is to occur according to Scripture, and according to the example of Yahushua.
The 15th day of the first Biblical month is the Feast of Unleavened bread, an additional 7-day period of ‘no leaven’ to be present in the home, so that only Unleavened bread is to be eaten (Lev 23:6-8). The first and seventh days of Unleavened are ‘high’ sabbaths, in which no work is to be done.
This 15th day is a ‘High’ Sabbath day, in which no work is to be done, and is a day of convocation and assembly, a day of celebration and fellowship in the Word.
The 21st day of the first Biblical month is the last of the 7-day Feast of Unleavened bread, and is also a ‘High’ Sabbath day, in which no work is to be done(Lev 23:8), and is also a day of convocation and assembly.
The Feast of Firstfruits occurs on the day after the first Sabbath after Passover (Lev 23:10-11). Since Yahushua is our example in all things, we now understand this refers to the day after the weekly Sabbath, for it was on this day in which the resurrected Yahushua was presented as the Firstfruit of the Harvest of mankind from the earth.
The Feast of Firstfruits for the barley is always the Sunday after Passover. This day begins the 50-day count to the Feast of Shavuot, also called ‘Pentecost’ (Ex 34:22; Lev 23:15-17), which we are told is also a day of firstfruits for the wheat.
When we determine the days of the month according to Scripture, we must first be willing to put aside dates determined by man’s tradition. We may then meet with the King on the day He has appointed in His Word!
- Communion: A Man-Made Substitute for the Biblical Passover – Also called the ‘Eucharist’ and ‘Lord’s Supper,’ this man-made substitute is a counterfeit of the Biblical Passover meal eaten by Messiah and His disciples the same night in which He was betrayed. This counterfeit has been passed down to us over the centuries, and today continues to be practiced unknowingly by most evangelical Believers.
- Eating Things Sacrificed Unto Idols: A Warning to the Bride — The Full-length article.
- The New Covenant Passover: A Mystery – Full List of Passover Articles, with Descriptions and Links
Some Additional Resources
The following Resources are available to help in our understanding of the times and seasons. We may not endorse all things on the following sites, but as with everything, we should swallow the meat, and spit out the bones.
- The ABC’s of the Biblical Calendar – A Clear and Simple explanation of the Biblical Calendar
- A Family Guide to the Biblical Holidays – A Great Resource Book on the Biblical Feasts for Gentile Believers
- First Month of Abib-Determination from the Barley – A Clear explanation of the abib barley and the first Biblical month
- Biblical Holidays Calendar-Expected Dates – A Calendar of expected Biblical Dates for the entire Biblical year
- Keeping Passover at the Right Time Is Critical – from YRM – Why keeping Passover at the right time is critical for Believers