When is Passover?
As we saw in previous Passover Thoughts, Passover occurs after sunset, during the night of the 14th day of the first Biblical month, according to Scripture.
But when is the 14th day of the first month according to today’s calendar?
We saw previously that Scripture tells us (Ex 12:2; 13:4; Deu 16:1) the first Biblical month is the month of abib [‘Aviv’], meaning the time when the crop is green, and in the ear. The first crop to turn green in spring time is the barley.
Reports then come in from witnesses, confirming the barley is abib in Israel. It is when the barley is ‘abib,’ or ‘green in the ear’ that marks the time of the abib, thus signifying the next new moon to be sighted would mark the beginning of the first Biblical month.
Likewise, the reports of sighting of the new moon in Israel come in from witnesses, marking the start of the first day of the new month. We recall that a Biblical day begins at sundown the night before a given date, and continues until the following sundown.
Biblical Holiday Dates for the Upcoming Year
About 2 weeks prior to Passover, there will be posted information about the Biblical Holiday dates for the upcoming year (see resources list below for links to dates). As soon as the barley is considered abib (‘aviv’), the sighting of the moon will mark the beginning of the first day of the first Biblical month.
The 10th day of the first Biblical month is the day the lamb was to be taken into the house (Ex 12:3).
The 14th day of the first Biblical month is the day of Passover, and is the day the Lamb was to be slain.
Passover begins at sundown on the start of the 14th day, and ends at sundown the next day, at the end of the 14th day. This also marks the beginning of the first day of the Feast of Unleavened bread, in which ‘no leaven’ is to be eaten, or be present in the home.
The Last Supper Passover held by Yahushua and the Disciples was held after the close of the 13th day, after sundown marking the beginning of the 14th day, by Biblical reckoning. This is the time when the Passover seder is to occur according to Scripture, and according to the example of Yahushua.
The 15th day of the first Biblical month is the Feast of Unleavened bread, an additional 7-day period of ‘no leaven’ to be present in the home, so that only Unleavened bread is to be eaten (Lev 23:6-8). The first and seventh days of Unleavened are ‘high’ sabbaths, in which no work is to be done.
This 15th day is a ‘High’ Sabbath day, in which no work is to be done, and is a day of convocation and assembly, a day of celebration and fellowship in the Word.
The 21st day of the first Biblical month is the last of the 7-day Feast of Unleavened bread, and is also a ‘High’ Sabbath day, in which no work is to be done(Lev 23:8), and is also a day of convocation and assembly.
The Feast of Firstfruits occurs on the day after the first Sabbath after Passover (Lev 23:10-11). Since Yahushua is our example in all things, we now understand this refers to the day after the weekly Sabbath, for it was on this day in which the resurrected Yahushua was presented as the Firstfruit of the Harvest of mankind from the earth.
The Feast of Firstfruits for the barley is always the Sunday after Passover. This day begins the 50-day count to the Feast of Shavuot, also called ‘Pentecost’ (Ex 34:22; Lev 23:15-17), which we are told is also a day of firstfruits for the wheat.
When we determine the days of the month according to Scripture, we must first be willing to put aside dates determined by man’s tradition. We may then meet with the King on the day He has appointed in His Word!
- Communion: A Man-Made Substitute for the Biblical Passover – Also called the ‘Eucharist’ and ‘Lord’s Supper,’ this man-made substitute is a counterfeit of the Biblical Passover meal eaten by Messiah and His disciples the same night in which He was betrayed. This counterfeit has been passed down to us over the centuries, and today continues to be practiced unknowingly by most evangelical Believers.
- Eating Things Sacrificed Unto Idols: A Warning to the Bride – The Full-length article.
- The New Covenant Passover: A Mystery – Full List of Passover Articles, with Descriptions and Links.
- If You Love Me, Keep ‘My’ Commandments – Do we show our love for Messiah, in the way He has told us — or have we lost sight of His identity?
- What Are the Ten Commandments? – Also called The Ten Words, these Scripture passages are shown in both Hebrew and English, enabling us to see for ourselves what these Commandments actually say. When we as New Covenant Believers understand whose words they are, we can better know how to respond to them.
- Obeying Torah is Not About Salvation – Obedience to the Torah [Father’s House Rules for His family] is not about our redemption by Yahushua’s blood. Instead, it is Messiah’s New Testament instruction to all Born-again Believers in how to abide in Him, how to love Him, and how to walk as He walked.
- Seven Biblical Guidelines for Studying the Bible: Using Scripture to Interpret the Scriptures – What is the source of our current understanding of the Bible? The pure Truths of Scripture are of highest importance — how we understand the Scriptures will affect our eternal condition! To avoid being deceived by man-made doctrines, we must not rely on Preachers, Teachers, Bible notes or commentaries. Instead we must study and understand the Bible for ourselves — not looking through the lenses of tradition or man-made Bible study methods — but relying only on what the Bible actually says about how to study and understand the Scriptures! Here are 7 Biblical Guidelines that show us the way!
- Contending for The Faith – We are exhorted to contend, to fight to remain in The Faith that was originally given. Scripture shows what The Faith is, and shows why and how we must contend for The Faith. Overview of how the adversary attacks the foundation of The Faith, with examples of contending for The Faith.
- The Wise and Foolish Virgins – Yahushua tells us why many today are not prepared.
- The Wise and Foolish: According to Yahushua – Messiah tells us in clear and simple terms for our instruction, who the wise and foolish are today!
- The Wise and Foolish Virgins: The Separation of the Wise – The Scriptures reveal a 2-step process of separation from the multitudes, for those who would grow in Wisdom.
- Let No Man Steal Your Crown – Reveals there are men today trying to take away, and steal your Bridal veil, and your crown; things that allow your crown to be stolen; the Doctrine of Balaam, and how it will steal your crown.
- Who is the Chaste Virgin? – The Bridegroom is coming for His Bride — one who is chaste, and without corruption. The Scriptures warn us of the many forms of corruption, and how to remove them, in order to remain chaste, and ready for the Bridegroom.
- The Wedding of the King’s Son: A Parable – A parable revealing the astonishing – and magnificent – nature of the New Covenant.
Some Additional Resources
The following Resources are available to help in our understanding of the times and seasons. We may not endorse all things on the following sites, but as with everything, we should swallow the meat, and spit out the bones.
- The ABC’s of the Biblical Calendar – A Clear and Simple explanation of the Biblical Calendar.
- A Family Guide to the Biblical Holidays – A Great Resource Book on the Biblical Feasts for Gentile Believers.
- Biblical Holidays-Expected Feast Dates – A list of expected Biblical Feast Dates for the current Biblical year.
- Keeping Passover at the Right Time Is Critical – from YRM – Why keeping Passover at the right time is critical for Believers.