Passover Thoughts #2

Two Kinds of Passover

Have you ever wondered why two kinds of Passover can be seen in Scripture?

First let’s notice that the Biblical Feasts are originally spoken of as ‘Feasts of the LORD’ (Yahuweh) and as ‘My’ (Yahuweh’s) Feasts:

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts. (Leviticus 23:2)

Then later we see Yahuweh Himself speak of the Feasts, also called Feast days or Holy Days, in a negative and derogatory manner:

Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them. (Isaiah 1:14)

I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. (Amos 5:21)

And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end thereof as a bitter day. (Amos 8:10)

Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of your solemn feasts; and one shall take you away with it. (Malachi 2:3)

Notice the Feasts are now called ‘your’ Feasts and ‘your’ Feast-days. From the negative description seen in the above passages, we can understand these Feasts are now disliked by Yahuweh.

The context of the above passages show why these Feasts later became hated by Yahuweh. When Yahuweh’s people continued to violate His Law (His Torah) in some manner, the Feasts were no longer called ‘Yahuweh’s’ Feasts, but man’s feasts — ‘your’ feasts and ‘their’ feasts. What had begun as Yahuweh’s Feasts He now hated, and claimed no ownership.

Fortunately Yahuweh reveals to us in each case the reason there are two kinds of Feasts.

The Feast of Passover

Not only do we see two kinds of Feasts in Scripture, but we see the same feature in the Passover — there are two different ‘kinds’ of Passover.

First we see Yahuweh’s Passover:

And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover. (Exodus 12:11)

That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD’S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. (Exodus 12:27)

These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover. (Leviticus 23:4-5)

And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. (Numbers 28:16)

Then later we see man’s (the ‘Jews’) Passover:

And the Jews’ passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, (John 2:13)

And the Jews’ passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves. (John 11:55)

Here the Scriptures clearly state these are the ‘Jews’ passover.’ For years we have thought this description is merely an explanation for those not familiar with Passover. In Scripture, however, there is no mincing of words; everything is there for a reason.

So we must ask the question, “Why are there two separate kinds of Passovers apparent in Scripture?” Had Yahuweh’s people begun to violate the Torah in some way, similar to what we saw above with the Feasts, so that Yahuweh no longer claimed these Passovers as ‘His’ Passovers?

Let’s look at the reason, and let us learn from it.

Yahuweh’s Passover

To find the basis of all Scriptural Truth, we must look in the Torah.

Now let’s notice which day Yahuweh’s Passover falls on:

In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover. (Leviticus 23:5)

And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. (Numbers 28:16)

Yahuweh’s Passover is on the 14th. Now notice which day of the month is Yahweh’s Feast of Unleavened Bread:

And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:6)

And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten. (Numbers 28:17)

Here we see Yahuweh’s Feast of Unleavened begins on the 15th.

Recounting what we see, Yahuweh’s Feast of Passover is on the 14th day of the first month, and the the Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the next day, on the 15th.

Now let’s look at a modern calendar, and notice which day is designated as the Feast of Passover — it is the 15th day of Nisan, the first month!

Notice anything wrong?

Here it is — Yahuweh’s Passover is on the 14th, and the modern-day Passover is on the 15th.

Man is no longer following Yahuweh’s pattern given in Scripture.

How did this come about? The Scriptures reveal this also!

Combined Feasts Given One Name

At some time in the distant past, perhaps in the exile, the Rabbis combined the two Biblical festivals. They combined the 1-day Passover, with the 7-day Feast of Unleavened Bread, into one 7-day Feast called ‘Passover.’ A new tradition had been born.

How do we know this? Even in the time of Yahushua and the disciples, this change had already taken place. Notice the following passage:

Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. (Luke 22:1)

The entire 7 days of the Feast of Unleavened came to be called ‘the Passover,’ and this tradition continues even to today.

Yahuweh’s Passover on the 14th day became man’s Passover on the 15th day. But is this important?

Passover is such an important Feast for His redeemed people, that it is the only one of Yahuweh’s Feast days wherein Yahuweh gives a ‘makeup’ or ‘second chance’ for those who missed the first-month Passover:

Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off, yet he shall keep the passover unto the LORD. The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. (Numbers 9:10-11)

This should tell us that if we miss the correct day in the first month, we can keep it in the 2nd month. Beloved, let us take heed. This is important!

When men attempt to change Yahuweh’s Feast days, they create one more example of the Doctrines of Men — what Yahushua referred to as ‘leaven’ and ‘tradition’ that nullify the effects of the commandments of Yahuweh in our lives (see Matthew 15:3-9; Matthew 16:11-12).

The ‘commandments of men’ is what turns (men away) from the truth (Titus 1:14).

What should we do?

Since we have Paul and the other apostles for our example, let us imitate them in the Faith, in all things:

Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample. (Philippians 3:17)

Not because we have not power, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you to follow us. (2Thessalonians 3:9)

Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1Corinthians 5:7-8)

What should we do?

Let us do as Paul said, and as Paul did.

Therefore let us keep the Feast!

Related Articles:

  • Communion: A Man-Made Substitute for the Biblical Passover – Also called the ‘Eucharist’ and ‘Lord’s Supper,’ this man-made substitute is a counterfeit of the Biblical Passover meal eaten by Messiah and His disciples the same night in which He was betrayed. This counterfeit has been passed down to us over the centuries, and today continues to be practiced unknowingly by most evangelical Believers.
  • Eating Things Sacrificed Unto Idols: A Warning to the Bride — The Full-length article.
  • The New Covenant Passover: A Mystery – Full List of Passover Articles, with Descriptions and Links
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3 comments on “Passover Thoughts #2
  1. Susan says:

    I have a question about this. I realize that there are two separate feasts, however why then did YHVH instruct the Israelites to eat the unleavened bread along with the roasted lamb in Exodus 12:8?

    Then in Leviticus 23:6 it states the two different dates.

    • notesfromthewilderness says:

      Thanks Susan — You have asked a thoughtful question!

      I don’t know if I have any answers, but let’s look into what the Scriptures tell us.

      Throughout the Tanak [Torah, Prophets, and Writings], YHWH repeatedly puts forth, as it were, pieces of a great puzzle. The finished picture is all about Messiah, and the Passover puzzle-pieces reveal Messiah as the Zeroah, the Sacrificial Lamb of Passover.

      The passages you ask about are two important puzzle-pieces of Passover!

      When we understand the prophetic meaning of each Feast [see these in The Mystery of Passover: Which Day-Truth or Tradition-Part 5], we then have a clearer picture, and it becomes easier to see how all the puzzle-pieces fit together.

      The command in Ex 12:8 to eat the lamb with unleavened bread is an important clue for us, that perhaps the entire Passover affair in Egypt is really much bigger, much more profound than just that one terrifying and miraculous night in Egypt. It is when we read Exodus 23:18 and Exodus 34:25, that the picture begins to develop:

      Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my sacrifice remain until the morning. (Exodus 23:18)

      Here we see the blood of YHWH’s sacrifice is to be offered without leaven. But notice the ‘companion’ passage that tells us the same thing, but with slightly different wording, revealing a prophetic meaning:

      Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning. (Exodus 34:25)

      The two passages together tell us that the Passover Lamb is YHWH’s sacrifice. At the Passover, the blood of the Lamb is sprinkled upon the doorway, the meat is eaten — together giving us a prophetic picture of Messiah as the Passover Lamb (Luke 22:19-20; John 6:54,56); and together these are YHWH’s Sacrifice, which must be ‘offered’ according to Ex 23:18 — without leaven.

      The passages in Ex 23 and Ex 34 together become a second witness for Ex 12:8, and these form an important part of YHWH’s progressive revealing of His Everlasting Covenant (Heb 13:20) to His people.

      Thanks again Susan, for the insightful question!
      -Brother Bill

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Let Us Keep the New Covenant Passover

bread and cup

"Messiah our Passover has been sacrificed for us, (1Co 5:7-8) therefore let us keep the Feast."

To find out why all followers of Messiah are called to observe the Passover, see the following:

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