The Cloud by Day, Fire by Night: The Holy Spirit Shekinah Glory Has Moved Again!

For those who are being led by the Holy Spirit, the Cloud by day, and the Fire by night — the Shekinah Glory of Yahuweh — is on the move again!

Let’s review what this means.

The Israelites had just been freed from slavery in Egypt. They were then led into the wilderness, and were required to move often. In order for them to go into the Promised Land of their inheritance, they were instructed to follow the Cloud by day, and the Fire by night, also called the Shekinah Glory of Yahuweh — the Glory of Yahuweh’s presence dwelling in the midst of His people.

The journey would entail many encampments. As soon as the people arrived at a new location, they would set up camp, and remain there. As long as the Cloud remained there, the people would remain. But when the Cloud began to move to a new location, the people were required to move also. They were required to break camp, pack up, and move on, or face being left behind.

Why is this bit of history important? It is because the Israelites in the wilderness are our example today! The Congregation in the wilderness is prophetic of the Congregation of Believers today, and they are examples for us today, in every way (1Corinthians 10:11). The Holy Spirit is desiring to prepare us, to make us ready, to enter the Promised Land of our inheritance.

Thus we learn from the Israelites, that when the Holy Spirit begins to move in a new direction, we too must prepare to move–or we too will face being left behind.

As we continue our journey toward the Promised Land, we are learning to be led by the Holy Spirit. We are learning that if we desire to be led by the Holy Spirit, we too must be willing to follow the ‘Shekinah Glory’ of the Holy Spirit, just as the Israelites followed the Cloud in the wilderness. This is partly what Yahushua referred to when He said:

“My sheep … follow Me” (John 10:27; Luke 4:1; Romans 8:14).

We later see in the Book of Revelation that those who overcome all things are those who follow the Lamb wherever He goes–and that means following Him even into territory unfamiliar to them! (Rev 14:4).

In past generations, there have been many who have resisted the moving of the Holy Spirit. In the middle ages, for example, there was a fresh wind of the Spirit to restore the truth of Justification by Faith. This moving of the Holy Spirit resulted in a large community of evangelical Believers, but this move was resisted among certain religious groups. Many had been camped out, and had become quite comfortable in their religion — so they had no desire to move on. When the Shekinah Glory began to move into this ‘new’ Truth, many decided to remain where they were. And so they were left behind, as to that stage of their preparation.

In the early 20th Century, there was a great move of the Holy Spirit to restore the giftings and ministries of the Spirit, including supernatural healings and other manifestations of the Holy Spirit. This move of the Holy Spirit was fraught with counterfeits, which obscured the true, and caused many to turn away. This move of the Holy Spirit was therefore greatly resisted, this time by the evangelical community created in the earlier move.

This ‘new thing’ did not fit with what many had been taught, and did not agree with what they understood; they concluded it must be error. They did not realise that perhaps their experience was too narrow to understand what the Holy Spirit was doing, and how the Holy Spirit was preparing His people, and equipping them.

The Holy Spirit was simply calling the evangelical community to receive the Holy Spirit, and then calling them to return to Scripture, to test the Scriptural validity of this experience, and to test what they saw happening all around them. Some did search the Scriptures, and found the Truth, and moved when the Holy Spirit moved. These became the “Spirit-filled” Believers.

Many evangelicals did NOT move on, however, but remained comfortable where they were. They decided to stay, camped out in their comfort-zone. These too were left behind, ill-equipped and unprepared.

Today there is another great move of the Holy Spirit happening worldwide. This is the great moving of the Holy Spirit that will prepare Yahuweh’s people for their participation in the last of three annual Festivals on Yahuweh’s prophetic calendar, the Feast of Tabernacles.

This Feast of Tabernacles speaks of the appearing or “tabernacling” of Yahushua within His people, and from Scripture appears to occur just prior to (or at commencement of) the ‘Time of Jacob’s Trouble’ (Jeremiah 30:7), which appears imminent at this writing.

We might also describe this current move of the Holy Spirit as the preparing of Yahuweh’s people to move from the last encampment in the wilderness, to the entering in of the Promised Land.

Like the earlier moves of the Holy Spirit, this move today is being resisted by many, this time by both groups — by the evangelicals and the “Spirit-filled” Believers.

This present move of the Holy Spirit is the awakening of His people to Righteousness of 1Corinthians 15:34; it is the receiving of the fullness of His Grace, to produce more Grace, of Zec 4:7 and John 1:16; It is also the “learning of Righteousness” of Isaiah 26:10, and it is the acquiring of the right to the Tree of Life, while preparing to enter, of Rev 22:14.

Those who are Born-Again have ‘Messiah-in-them’ as their hope (Colossians 1:27). The Cloud of the Holy Spirit is again moving His Born-Again people into territory unfamiliar to them, whereby they begin to allow the fullness of Messiah-in-them — by allowing Him-in-us to keep His Father’s Commandments and Precepts in our bodies today, just as He did 2,000 years ago when He was in His own body.

Messiah-in-us is prompting us to walk in full obedience to His Father’s Commandments. Yahushua-in-us is calling all of His Born-Again people to stop preventing Him from walking in obedience to His Father in all things!

Small groups of Believers are springing up everywhere, as they begin to sense the need to walk, by His Grace, in obedience to the Commandments Yahushua gave to Moses. They are beginning to realise who Yahushua really is — they are beginning to understand what Yahushua meant when He said, “If you love me, keep MY Commandments” (John 14:15).

They are learning to keep His Sabbaths, Commandments and Precepts, just as Yahushua did 2,000 years ago, and in doing so are preparing themselves for the final sealing of Yahuweh’s Set-apart people. They are experiencing the fulfillment of not being under the condemnation of the Law of Yahuweh, as the apostle Paul explained, because they are being led by the Holy Spirit to walk in obedience to the Law of Yahuweh (Galatians 5:18; Romans 7:22).

They are going to the Scriptures, and are receiving fresh understanding of the New and Everlasting Covenant, as the Holy Spirit leads and guides His people into all Truth. They are also being warned to test everything against the Scriptures, because of the flood of deception, error, and wickedness.

There are multitudes of Believers, however, who are NOT going back to Scripture, to test the validity of what they are seeing and hearing. Indeed, some are merely relying on their leaders to lead them and guide them into all Truth, a task strictly reserved for the Holy Spirit. The result is that these will NOT follow the Lamb wherever He goes.

Others are trying to understand — trying to ‘figure it out’ before they obey; Scripture tells us, however, that understanding comes after obedience. These Believers are burdened by fear of the unknown, and are unwilling to leap into the safety-net of simple obedience to Scripture. These too will not follow the Cloud of the Shekinah Glory.

Thus there are many that will not be in agreement with what they see or hear in this great move of the Holy Spirit. What they are hearing is different from what they have heard from the pulpits, different from what they already understand, and different from their custom and tradition — so they conclude it must be error and deception.

But that is only human nature, and is how the ‘natural’ man operates. Only by seeking Yahuweh — by seeking His Word in the Scriptures — can we determine Truth from error, and discern the spiritual things from the natural. It is the natural man who does not discern, or receive spiritual things (1Corinthians 2:14). Thus we are all called back to the Scriptures, as the Bereans who were more noble, to see whether these things are so (Acts 17:10-11).

As in past moves of the Holy Spirit, there will be many today who will refuse to move on. Instead they want to remain where they are spiritually, camped out in the wilderness. They are comfortable in the wilderness — why go to all this effort to move?

To follow the Cloud of the Holy Spirit, one must move on, and must leave one’s comfort zone. To move on means loss of friends. It means encountering unfamiliar doctrinal truths, and much digging and searching of Scripture to determine what is true, and what is error. To move on, one must die to all that he currently understands, all that he knows, and all that he is. Only then may Yahushua bring Resurrection-life to us in those areas which we have allowed to die.

And so it will be, that many Born-Again Believers will remain. They do not realise they will be left in the wilderness, ill-equipped and unprepared, and continuing to work iniquity (Strong’s number 458) as Law-breakers (Matt 7:23). And even though they are Born-Again, they will be ‘led forth with the workers of iniquity,’ to be tested by the furnace of ‘seven times’ hotter, the furnace of Jacob’s Trouble.

They will then begin to realise that Jacob does not represent those whom their favorite prophecy teachers claimed. Instead, they will begin to understand from Scripture who Jacob really is, and what Yahuweh’s purpose for Jacob’s trouble is. But for them, it will be too late.

They did not realise this last move of the Holy Spirit was the ONE move that would have prepared them, made them ready to enter into the Promised Land, by making them obedient, had they been willing! However, they were neither willing nor obedient, so they must go into the time of testing (Isaiah 1:19-20; Daniel 11:35; 1Peter 1:7).

But they were Born-Again! Why did they not escape? And being Born-Again, why were they not counted worthy to escape?

Notice that the pre-requisite Yahushua gives for being accounted ‘worthy’ to escape (Luke 21:34-36) is not merely that of being Born-Again, but that one must ‘watch’ — which in the Hebrew sense of the word includes being obedient to the Commandments.

These Little Children, however, had been taught that all those who are Born-Again were ready. In fact they were not ready, but had received the Grace of Yahuweh in vain (the seed was planted, but yielded no fruit).

These Believers had been frightened away from producing the precious fruit desired by the Husbandman. They had instead become fearful by the teaching they had received from their Leaders, who called the bad fruit of wickedness ‘good,’ and the good fruit of works of Righteousness ‘hemlock’ — which speaks of bitterness, poison, and a curse (Amos 6:12).

Alas, for unlike those Believers in Berea, they did not search the Scriptures for themselves, to see whether these things were so.

“But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak.” (Hebrews 6:9)

Let this be a wake-up call to all Believers! Let us abandon the half-hearted, passive Grace of the Theologians, in order to embrace the full and active Grace of the Scriptures!

Let us therefore follow the Cloud by day, and the Fire by night — the Shekinah Glory of Yahuweh. Let us not miss out on this move of the Holy Spirit!

Let us search the Scriptures that define Yahushua’s Way of Life in us! Let us then ‘watch,’ and become willing and obedient to His Life in us!

Let us follow the Lamb, wherever He goes!

Related Articles:

  • Have You Received the Holy spirit Since You Believed? (Part 1) – Cold Waters to a Thirsty Soul
  • Have You Received the Holy spirit Since You Believed? (Part 2) – Cold Waters to a Thirsty Soul
  • If You Love Me, Keep ‘My’ Commandments – Do we show our love for Messiah, in the way He has told us — or have we lost sight of His identity?
  • What Are the Ten Commandments? – Also called The Ten Words, these Scripture passages are shown in both Hebrew and English, enabling us to see for ourselves what these Commandments actually say. When we as New Covenant Believers understand whose words they are, we can better know how to respond to them.
  • Obeying Torah is Not About Salvation – Obedience to the Torah [Father’s House Rules for His family] is not about our redemption by Yahushua’s blood. Instead, it is Messiah’s New Testament instruction to all Born-again Believers in how to abide in Him, how to love Him, and how to walk as He walked.
  • Seven Biblical Guidelines for Studying the Bible: Using Scripture to Interpret the Scriptures – What is the source of our current understanding of the Bible? The pure Truths of Scripture are of highest importance — how we understand the Scriptures will affect our eternal condition! To avoid being deceived by man-made doctrines, we must not rely on Preachers, Teachers, Bible notes or commentaries. Instead we must study and understand the Bible for ourselves — not looking through the lenses of tradition or man-made Bible study methods — but relying only on what the Bible actually says about how to study and understand the Scriptures! Here are 7 Biblical Guidelines that show us the way!
  • Contending for The Faith – We are exhorted to contend, to fight to remain in The Faith that was originally given. Scripture shows what The Faith is, and shows why and how we must contend for The Faith. Overview of how the adversary attacks the foundation of The Faith, with examples of contending for The Faith.
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins – Yahushua tells us why many today are not prepared.
  • The Wise and Foolish: According to Yahushua – Messiah tells us in clear and simple terms for our instruction, who the wise and foolish are today!
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins: The Separation of the Wise – The Scriptures reveal a 2-step process of separation from the multitudes, for those who would grow in Wisdom.
  • Let No Man Steal Your Crown – Reveals there are men today trying to take away, and steal your Bridal veil, and your crown; things that allow your crown to be stolen; the Doctrine of Balaam, and how it will steal your crown.
  • Who is the Chaste Virgin? – The Bridegroom is coming for His Bride — one who is chaste, and without corruption. The Scriptures warn us of the many forms of corruption, and how to remove them, in order to remain chaste, and ready for the Bridegroom.
  • The Wedding of the King’s Son: A Parable – A parable revealing the astonishing – and magnificent – nature of the New Covenant.
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Posted in Grace

The Last Supper: Did Yahushua (Jesus) Eat the Passover Lamb?

Did our Lord Yahushua (Jesus) partake of the eating of the passover lamb in the upper room during the night in which He was betrayed?

The Scriptures reveal the exact answer to this question, even though we are not told explicitly that Messiah ate the Passover lamb that night. Like many issues regarding the New Covenant Passover, this question is a ‘mystery’ that has been hidden in plain sight for us to find, and must be sought out in accordance with what God has told us:

It is the glory of God to conceal a thing [<01697> ‘a word; saying; matter’]: but the honour of kings is to search out a matter [<01697> ‘a word; saying; matter’].” (Proverbs 25:2)

Father has concealed the answer to our question, and He expects us to search out His words in Scripture to find the answer. In our approach to finding the answer in Scripture, here is what we will look for:

  1. Which night was it on the Biblical calendar?
  2. What do the Scriptures require on that particular night?
  3. Did Messiah obey the Scripture requirements for that night, or did He disobey?
  4. Conclusion

Let’s see what the Scriptures say.

Which night was it on the Biblical calendar?

As our starting reference, the apostle Paul confirms to us when Yahushua’s Last Supper occurred:

“For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread…” (1Corinthians 11:23)

In the above passage, the apostle Paul tells us that the Last Supper of Yahushua with His disciples occurred in the same night in which He was betrayed. Then we see the apostle Matthew tells us when He was betrayed:

“Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.” (Matthew 26:45)

In the above passage, we see that the hour of His betrayal occurred when the Son of man was taken into the hands of sinners. His betrayal occurred a few hours after Yahushua’s Last Supper with His disciples, before dawn on the day He was crucified. This is now the starting point for our search.

But before we begin our search, let’s first review the special task that Yahushua was given to accomplish on our behalf:

“The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29)

“…Christ our passover <3957> is sacrificed for us…” (1Corinthians 5:7b)

In the above passages, we first see John the Baptiser, in his role as a prophet (Luke 7:28), telling us that Yahushua is the “Lamb of God.” We then see the apostle Paul telling us that Messiah is our ‘Passover.’

We should be aware, that in some Scripture passages, the term ‘passover’ refers not to the day, event, or ceremony, but to the sacrificial lamb itself, such as in (Ex 12:21; 1Co 5:7).

Taken together, these verses tell us that Messiah is our ‘Passover lamb’ that God sent to earth to become our Passover sacrifice. This further tells us that Messiah was the sacrificial lamb to be sacrificed at Passover, on our behalf, according to God’s requirements stated in Scripture.

We recall that God’s original, stated purpose for the Passover sacrifice was to save His people from his judgments against Egypt (a prophetic picture of the world), to free His people from bondage, and then to lead them, by His Word, and His presence, out of Egypt and into the Promised Land (Exodus 6:6; Exodus 12:12).

This prophetic picture is rich in meaning for us. For it is the death, burial, and resurrection of Messiah, and the shedding of His blood, that saves His people from His judgments against the gods of this world, and sets His people free from bondage to sin. He then leads them by His Word, and His presence, out of the world system, and into the Promised Land.

We also recall from our studies, that the original Passover in Egypt was a “show-and-tell” event, a prophetic picture to instruct us today, in the details of how God sets His people free, redeeming them by His blood. We have seen throughout the Scriptures, that Messiah Himself was to be our Passover Lamb Sacrifice on our behalf.

From the above passages, we now know that Messiah, as the Passover Lamb, was sacrificed on the one particular day of the year day specified in Scripture — the day of Passover:

“These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. 5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.” (Leviticus 23:4-6)

“And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. 17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.” (Numbers 28:16-17)

So we see that Yahushua accomplished this task on the Biblical, 24-hour day in which the Passover sacrifice is to occur. It was the day of Passover, the 14th day of the first biblical month, and it occurred during the last night and day of Yahushua’s earthly ministry.

We must however, seek out other Scripture passages to confirm what we have seen thus far. But before we can sort this out, we must first ask, “What is a Biblical day, and what is a Biblical night?”

The Biblical Day

In the modern reckoning of time, a 24-hour day begins at midnight, and extends to midnight the next day. In the Biblical reckoning, however, a 24-hour day is reckoned from one sunset to the next sunset.

According to Scripture, a Biblical ‘day’ is defined just like the modern 24-hour day. In the Biblical reckoning however, there are always 12 hours in the day-time portion (John 11:9), and the remaining 12 hours make up the night portion, for a total of 24 hours. The summer hours are longer, and the winter hours are shorter, but by definition there are always 24 hours in a Biblical day.

One 24-hour day ends when the sun has fully set, and at that moment the 12-hour ‘night portion’ of the next 24-hour day begins. This understanding — of when the night and day portions of a Biblical day occur — is crucial in determining the correct day and time in which Biblical events are required to take place.

So we see that Messiah was sent to earth to become a Passover sacrifice for us, on our behalf, which occurred on the Biblical day of Passover, the 14th day of the first Biblical month. Thus we know He was crucified on the 14th day of the first month, as required by Scripture.

But in order to dispel confusion, and to further understand the Biblical timeline, we must understand that this day has been given another name.

Preparation Day

According to Scripture, there is another name for the 14th day of the first month. Notice what the Scriptures tell us:

“And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!” (John 19:14)

The above passage describes a scene about the sixth hour [12 noon] in the ‘day’ portion of the 14th day of the first Biblical month, which is the day of Passover. Here we see this day is also called the ‘preparation day’ for the Passover. Let’s see why it was given this name.

“And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath…” (Mark 15:42)

The above passage describes the 14th day of the first Biblical month, which is the biblical day of Passover. Here we are told that the ‘preparation day’ is the day before a ‘Sabbath’ day. That is, it was the day before either a weekly Sabbath or an annual ‘high’ Sabbath (Lev 23:6-8). It is a day to prepare, so that no work, no buying or selling, no cooking would occur on a Sabbath day.

But which Sabbath day was meant here — a weekly sabbath or an annual ‘high’ Sabbath? Let’s see:

“Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. (Luke 22:1)

The above passage tells us that the Feast of Unleavened, which occurs each year on the 15th day of the first Biblical month (Leviticus 23:6; Numbers 28:17), ‘is called the Passover.’ But the Scriptures tell us which day the Passover is to occur:

In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’S passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:5-6)

“And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. 17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.” (Numbers 28:16-17)

The above passages tell us that Yahuweh’s Passover is in the 14th day of the first Biblical month, and the Feast of Unleavened is on the 15th day. Yet Luke 22:1 tells us the Feast of Unleavened (on the 15th day) “is called” the Passover. Here we see vividly, that it is by tradition in Yahushua’s day [and in our day], that the 15th day of the first Biblical month is called ‘the Passover.’ For further study, see Passover: Seven Days or One Day?.

Having two different days being called by the name “Passover” illustrates the difference between the “Feasts of the Jews” and the “Feasts of Yahuweh.”

Brethren, the above is a prime example of how traditions and commandments of men conceal the truths of Yahuweh, and turn men away from the truth. The apostle Paul continues to warn us today:

“Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn [away] from the truth.” (Titus 1:14)

We should note, without going into detail, that the “Feasts of the Jews,” both in Yahushua’s day and in our day, were/are mixed with certain un-scriptural traditions. The Feasts of Yahuweh however, are based only on the Biblical calendar and Scripture (compare John 5:1, 6:4, 7:2; vs Lev 23:2, 4).

So we see that Yahushua was crucified on the day of Passover, the 14th day of the first month, which is the preparation day for the Feast of Unleavened, an annual Sabbath day that occurs on the 15th day of the first month.

The Biblical Night

As we have seen above, according to the Biblical reckoning, the 24-hour day begins at sunset with the 12-hour night portion, and continues with the 12-hour day portion until sunset the next day. We have also seen that Yahushua was crucified mid-day on the 14th day of the first month, the day of Passover. We now understand that the 14th day, the day of Passover, began at sunset the night before.

The apostle Paul makes reference to this beginning ‘night portion’ of the 14th day:

“For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread…” (1Corinthians 11:23)

In the above passage, we see that based on the Biblical reckoning of a 24-hour day, the ‘Last Supper’ occurred in the (beginning) night portion of the 14th day of the first Biblical month, the day of Passover. With this in mind, let’s now look at what is required on that particular night.

What do the Scriptures require on that particular night?

From the original Passover in Egypt, we see the words that the pre-incarnate Word of the LORD [Messiah himself] spoke to Moses:

“And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house…” (Exodus 12:3)

“And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.” (Exodus 12:6-10)

Then we see what Moses spoke to the people:

Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason [‘cup’], and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. (Exodus 12:21-22)

We see in the above passage that the passover [sacrifice] is to be killed, and the blood of the lamb placed in a cup. Then the blood of the lamb is to be sprinkled on the door post of the houses that are to escape God’s judgment.

And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: (Exodus 12:43)

The above passage tells us that the passover [sacrifice] is to be eaten. We see also that strangers [those not part of God’s everlasting Covenant] may not eat of the Passover sacrifice. The Passover is only for His covenant people.

And so here is what is required of God’s people:

Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season. (Numbers 9:2)

The above passage tells us the children of Israel [His covenant people] are to ‘keep’ [Heb. ‘asah’ Strong’s number <06213>, “do; execute; perform; prepare; observe; celebrate”] the Passover. And as a result, we see Messiah and His disciples preparing to keep the Passover:

Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover? 18 And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples. 19 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover. (Matthew 26:17-19)

So we see Matthew’s account of Yahushua’s own words, that Yahushua would keep the Passover with His disciples, and that they made ready the Passover.

Beloved, let us be warned! There are many teachers today deceiving multitudes of Believers, teaching the man-made doctrine from Rome, that the ‘Last Supper’ was not a Passover meal, but some other type of supper. In the above passage however, and in others we will see below, Messiah plainly and explicitly tells us, that He will ‘keep’ and ‘eat’ the passover with His disciples.

We need only to choose whom we will believe — the many teachers and their deceptive doctrines, or the words of Messiah. This is an important point, for those who choose to follow Messiah — for those who choose to walk in His paths, to walk by His example, and to walk as He walked (1Peter 2:21; 1John 2:6).

The above passage also tells us, in agreement with Exodus 12:7, that the Passover is to be eaten not in a temple setting, but in a family setting, in the peoples’ own houses.

We also see in the above passage, that “to keep” the passover includes making ready the passover and eating the passover, in the required manner, as detailed in the Law [the ‘Torah’ — God’s instructions for His people]. The following passage gives us further insight into preparing, killing, and eating the Passover:

And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover? 13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the city, and there shall meet you a man bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. 14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 15 And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us. 16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover. (Mark 14:12-16)

Notice in the above passage, that the disciples were told to “make ready” the passover on the day in which the passover [sacrifice] is to be killed. It is important to note that Messiah did not give the disciples any instructions that would imply eliminating or ‘doing away with’ the killing and cooking of the Passover lamb.

From the above text and others in the Gospel accounts, we deduce that the disciples simply proceeded on the basis of their life-long experience of preparing for Passover, which included killing and preparing the Passover lamb, and making ready the rest of the Passover meal. Here is the account in Luke:

And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare <2090> us the passover, that we may eat. 9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare <2090>? (Luke 22:8-9)

And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? 12 And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready <2090>. 13 And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready <2090> the passover. 14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. (Luke 22:11-14)

In the above passage, we again see that Messiah tells us that He will eat the Passover meal with His disciples, which they are to make ready. Notice the Greek word for ‘make ready’ is Strong’s number <2090>, and is the same word for ‘prepare.’

We also see in the above passage, that they waited until “the hour was come” to sit down to the meal. This requirement of waiting until after sunset to eat the meal, is unique to Passover, which is to be eaten only “in ‘that’ night” [the 14th day] (Exodus 12:6-8), that is, at night (after sunset), but still within the specified 14th day, before sunset the next day. This tells us explicitly that the Passover meal is to be eaten in the night portion [the beginning] of the 14th day of the first month (Lev 23:5; Num 9:3).

Did Messiah obey the Scripture requirements for that night, or did He disobey?

With the above information in mind, let’s now look at further passages, to deduce whether Messiah did, or did not, eat the passover lamb in the upper room, during the night in which He was betrayed.

In all the above passages, we have seen that the Law (Torah) requires that the Children of Israel are to keep [do; observe; celebrate] the Passover at the time specified in Scripture. These include:

Passover Requirements from Exodus 12:

  • Prepare the Passover;
  • Kill the Passover lamb;
  • Place the blood of the lamb in a ‘bason’ (Heb. “bowl; cup”);
  • Sprinkle the blood of the lamb;
  • Cook the Passover lamb;
  • Eat the Passover lamb;
  • Do all of the above in the manner and time specified in Scripture.

So the question becomes, “Did Messiah disobey the Law?” Notice what the apostle John tells us:

Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. (1John 3:4)

In the above passage, the apostle John tells us that sin is defined as “transgression of [disobedience to] the Law.” The Law [the Torah’] commands all Israel to keep the Passover (Deut 16:1), which we have seen includes preparing and eating the sacrificial lamb.

Thus to refrain from eating the Passover lamb in the prescribed manner and time, is to disobey The ‘Law’ [Torah], and would thus be a sin.

So the question becomes, “Did Messiah disobey the Law? Did Messiah disobey Torah? Did Messiah commit sin?”

Notice the following Scripture passages:

“For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: 22 Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: (1Peter 2:21-22)

For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. (Hebrews 4:15)

We see from the above passages, that Messiah did not sin, and He was without sin. From the apostle John’s definition of sin, we know that Messiah did not transgress [disobey] the Torah.

Conclusion

We now know that while Messiah was alive, every moment, every day, even up to the moment of His death, Messiah did everything Scripture commands God’s people to do. And this includes observing all the moedim, all the appointed times [‘Feasts’], and especially the Passover, which includes eating the Passover lamb.

We thus conclude that Messiah did not sin, by disobeying the requirements of the Law [the Torah]. From this we conclude that just as He told us He would do in the Gospel accounts, Messiah did indeed eat the Passover lamb with His disciples, during the night in which He was betrayed.

Application: The Significance of Passover for Gentile believers Today

We have seen from the Scriptures that “all” of the Children of Israel have been commanded to keep, and observe the Passover, as well as the appointed times and Sabbaths of Yahuweh.

But in order to properly understand how important these observances are to Gentile Believers today, we must “come out from among them” (2Co 6:17). That is, we must be willing to come out from among the many traditions and man-made doctrines that surround us, and be as the Bereans. We must read the Scriptures for ourselves, and then be obedient to what the Scriptures actually say (Acts 17:10-11).

The Passover Significance: An Overview of Scripture for the Reader’s own study

  • Yahushua Messiah said, “If you love me, keep MY commandments… He that loves me not, does not keep my sayings.” (John 14:15, 24);
  • Messiah was the pre-incarnate “Word of the LORD” who gave all the commandments to Moses (John 1:1, 14; Num 3:51, 15:31);
  • Messiah’s commandments include those He gave to Moses (John 5:47);
  • The commands to observe Passover are given to all of God’s covenant people, who are called “Children of Israel” and “My people Israel” (Numbers 9:2; Matthew 2:6; 1Co 5:8;);
  • As the apostle Paul explained, the “Children of Israel” now include all those grafted into the commonwealth (citizenship) of Israel by faith in Yahushua Messiah (Matthew 2:6; Romans 11:1-27; Ephesians 2:1-19);
  • The Blood of the New Covenant that Yahushua shed is the same Blood that ratifies one’s participation in the Everlasting Covenant (Mat 26:28; Mark 14:24; Hebrews 13.20);
  • When we participate in the Passover memorial meal, we are: 1) sprinkling the doorpost of our inward being, where the words of the Covenant are written; 2) ratifying our participation in the New/Everlasting Covenant; and 3) agreeing to its Covenant conditions, as if to say to the Bridegroom, “I do” (Exodus 31:16; Isaiah 8:16; Mat 7:23, 25:10; Eph 1:13, 4:30; 2Thess 2:7; 2Tim 2:19; Heb 9:19);
  • Some of the items included in the New/Everlasting Covenant are God’s Passover and His Sabbaths (Ex 31:13,16; Lev 19:3; 2Ki 23:21);
  • It is sin to transgress [disobey] the Law (the Torah). Thus we see Messiah, as well as the apostles Paul and John, warn us to stop sinning (Mat 7:23; 1John 3:4; 1Co 15:34; Eph 4:26; 1John 2:1);
  • We stop sinning, stop disobeying the Law, not out of fear of retribution, but because we love Yahushua Messiah, and desire to honour Him (Song 8:6; 1John 3:4; John 14:15; John 15:9; John 15:10; Romans 13:10; Eph 6:2; Romans 2:23);
  • Messiah did not transgress [disobey] the Torah: He did not commit sin (Hebrews 4:15; 1Pet 2:22);
  • Those who choose to follow Messiah, will follow in His footsteps. They learn to follow His example in all things, and learn to walk as He walked. They remember that Messiah observed the Passover and Yahuweh’s Sabbaths (1Peter 2:21; 1John 2:6).

Related Articles:

  • The New Covenant Passover – Messiah invites His people to join Him on the night of Passover, to enter into the New and Everlasting Betrothal Covenant wih Him, to say “I do” to the Bridegroom, and to seal the Covenant by taking the Passover bread and wine.
  • The Sabbath Day Secret – Messiah has given His Sabbath Days as a great blessing that is hidden from the world, but is given only to those who love Him, honour Him and obey Him.
  • The Sabbath Day is a Sign – According to Scripture, Messiah has given His Sabbath Days to His children, as a sign or banner displayed by those who know Him, who are abiding in Him, and who love Him.
  • Messiah: The Word Made Flesh – A look at some of the mysteries surrounding the identity of Yahushua the Messiah.
  • If You Love Me, Keep ‘My’ Commandments – Do we show our love for Messiah, in the way He has told us — or have we lost sight of His identity?
  • What Are the Ten Commandments? – Also called The Ten Words, these Scripture passages are shown in both Hebrew and English, enabling us to see for ourselves what these Commandments actually say. When we as New Covenant Believers understand whose words they are, we can better know how to respond to them.
  • Obeying Torah is Not About Salvation – Obedience to the Torah [Father’s House Rules for His family] is not about our redemption by Yahushua’s blood. Instead, it is Messiah’s New Covenant instruction to all Born-again Believers in how to abide in Him, how to love Him, and how to walk as He walked.
  • Seven Biblical Guidelines for Studying the Bible: Using Scripture to Interpret the Scriptures – What is the source of our current understanding of the Bible? The pure Truths of Scripture are of highest importance — how we understand the Scriptures will affect our eternal condition! To avoid being deceived by man-made doctrines, we must not rely on Preachers, Teachers, Bible notes or commentaries. Instead we must study and understand the Bible for ourselves — not looking through the lenses of tradition or man-made Bible study methods — but relying only on what the Bible actually says about how to study and understand the Scriptures! Here are 7 Biblical Guidelines that show us the way!
  • Contending for The Faith – We are exhorted to contend, to fight to remain in The Faith that was originally given. Scripture shows what The Faith is, and shows why and how we must contend for The Faith. Overview of how the adversary attacks the foundation of The Faith, with examples of contending for The Faith.
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins – The Wise Virgins had wisdom, the Foolish Virgins had none. Yahushua tells us why many today are not prepared for His appearing.
  • The Wise and Foolish: According to Yahushua – Messiah tells us in clear and simple terms for our instruction, who the wise and foolish are today!
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins: The Separation of the Wise – The Scriptures reveal a 2-step process of separation from the multitudes, for those who would grow in Wisdom.
  • Let No Man Steal Your Crown – Reveals there are men today trying to take away, and steal your Bridal veil, and your crown; things that allow your crown to be stolen; the Doctrine of Balaam, and how it will steal your crown.
  • Who is the Chaste Virgin? – The Bridegroom is coming for His Bride — one who is chaste, and without corruption. The Scriptures warn us of the many forms of corruption, and how to remove them, in order to remain chaste, and ready for the Bridegroom.
  • The Wedding of the King’s Son: A Parable – A parable revealing the astonishing – and magnificent – nature of the New Covenant.
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The Key to Knowing God: Keeping His Sabbaths

According to Scripture, God’s children cannot truly come to know Him, until they begin to observe His Sabbath days. This truth is first given to us as a specific commandment of the Everlasting (New) Covenant (Ex 21:12-16; Eze 20:12,20), and is then confirmed as a basic principle and given to us as a warning (1John 2:3-4).

In this short writing, we will examine this important truth of Scripture, and then test it to see whether the keeping of His sabbaths is a “salvational” issue or not. We will look at the Scriptures that reveal the commandment, the principle, and the warning.

The Commandment
As we look at the Scriptures, we will begin first with the foundation, where this truth is first mentioned as a command:

“Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep…” (Exodus 31:13a)

Before we examine this command, we must remind our Readers, that many precious, Born-again Believers today have not been taught who they are in Messiah Yahushua [Christ Jesus]. The apostle Paul tells us clearly that by faith in Messiah, we have been “grafted-in” to the commonwealth [citizenship] of Israel (Romans 11:13-24; Ephesians 2:12-13).

And because we have been grafted-in to the commonwealth of Israel, we are no longer “strangers” from the promises and provisions of the covenants made with Israel. All of the covenant details made with Israel now include those who are saved by faith, who have been redeemed by the blood of Yahushua.

Thus it is, that wherever we see the commands and promises made to the children of Israel, these commands and promises now apply to all who are in Messiah. And so it is, that the above command, as well as all the commands given to Israel, now apply to Born-again Believers today.

Let us continue.

“Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you” (Exodus 31:13)

“I am the LORD your God; walk in my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; 20 And hallow my sabbaths [keep them set-apart]; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God” (Ezekiel 20:19-20)

Now notice three important features of the above passages.

First, the sabbath days in the above passages are not some religion’s sabbath days, but these are “My” sabbath days. Many religions have their own sabbath days, and their own rules and restrictions for those days. But this passage addresses only Yahuwah’s sabbath days.

Second, notice that we are not told to keep the sabbath day, but sabbath days [plural]. The Scriptures tell us that the seventh day is the weekly sabbath day (Exodus 20:10-11), and there are also annual sabbath days of rest (Lev 23:1-44).

Third, In the above passages, we are told that the keeping of Yahuwah’s sabbaths is a sign “that you may know… Yahuwah, who is sanctifying you” [setting you apart for Himself].

This wording clearly reveals to us a principle, that the ‘keeping’ of Yahuwah’s sabbaths is a condition of knowing Him: if the condition of keeping is not met, then the knowing can not occur.

But is this a Biblical principle, to be seen elsewhere in Scripture? Let’s find out.

The Principle
In writing to Believers in Messiah, the apostle John gives us the basic principle:

“And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments” (1John 2:3)

Here is the principle in the above passage. It is one of the big “if” verses in the New Testament. John is telling us that by this we know that we ‘know’ Him: if we keep his commandments.

Is this clear?

In the event we do not understand what John has just said, he continues with stronger language:

“He that saith, “I know him”, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him” (1John 2:4)

Some will protest, saying the above passage refers to Messiah’s commandments, not Yahuwah’s commandments. Again, we must remind the Reader, that many precious, Born-again Believers today have not been taught the great significance of the fact that Messiah Yahushua is the WORD of Yahuwah [the Word of the LORD], the one who gave the commandments to Moses.

We recall that it was the WORD of Yahuwah that appeared to Abram [Abraham] (Genesis 15:1), and gave all the commandments to Moses (Numbers 15:31; 36:5, et al). It was the WORD of Yahuwah who also appeared to all the prophets (Isaiah 38:4; Jeremiah 1:4; Ezekiel 1:3; et al).

The apostle Paul then tells us (1Co 10:1-4) that it was the WORD of Yahuwah [the Rock] who accompanied the Israelites in their journey from Egypt, into the Promised Land.

So we see that it was the pre-incarnate Messiah Himself [the WORD of Yahuwah] who gave the commandments to Moses. This reminds us that all the commands of Torah [the Law of Moses] are the words, sayings, and commands of Messiah. And Messiah Himself tells us that His sayings are not His own, but are Father’s words (John 14:24).

Now let’s see the principle again, as we look at this passage again with this new understanding:

“And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. 4 He that saith, “I know him”, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him” (1John 2:3-4)

Here is the big “if” condition in the above passage:

If we, as Born-again Believers, observe Yahuwah’s sabbath days [which is one of the commandments of Moses, the commandments of Messiah], then we can come to know Him.

However, if we do not observe Yahuwah’s sabbath days [one of the commandments of Moses, the commandments of Messiah], then we can not come to know Him. And if we say we do know Him, but do not observe Yahuwah’s sabbath days [one of the commandments of Moses, the commandments of Messiah], then we are a liar — meaning we ‘think’ we know Him, but we do not really know Him.

At this point, there are some who will insist that all of our sins [including not keeping the sabbath days] are forgiven, and now all we need to do is ‘abide’ in Messiah.

Yes, this is true according to Scripture! But let us see what is required to ‘abide’ in Messiah:

If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide <3306> [‘remain’] in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love” (John 15:10)

Here is another big “if” passage! According to Messiah, our ‘abiding’ in Him is not automatic, but is dependent on our ongoing willingness to keep His commandments — which we have seen includes the keeping of His sabbath days. But what else does the apostle John tell us?

“He that saith he abideth <3306> [‘remains’] in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked” (1John 2:6)

In the above passage, John tells us further that if we think we are ‘abiding’ in Messiah, we should be walking as Messiah walked.

How did Messiah walk?

He kept all of Father’s commandments.

If we are not willing to keep His sabbath days, and even all of His commandments, then perhaps we should question whether we truly love Messiah:

If ye love me, keep my commandments” (John 14:15)

But we have only been talking about observing certain days, in a Scriptural way. Is this really a serious or weightier matter of Scripture? Let’s try to find out, by looking next at the warning.

The Warning
The apostle John revealed to us not only the principle of keeping Mesiah’s commandments, but the warning to those who choose not keep His commandments:

“Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. 15 For without [outside the city] are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie” (Revelation 22:14-15)

In the above passage, we see two groups of people. The first group is allowed access to the Tree of Life, and is allowed to enter the City of the King, which is Jerusalem. These are they who are continuing to keep the King’s commandments.

The second group is not given access to the Tree of Life, and is not allowed to enter the City of the King. These are those who have chosen not to keep the King’s commandments.

Which of the above groups do we want to be in?

This is a warning for all Believers!

A New Covenant Issue
Perhaps some are still doubting, because they have been told by their Pastors and spiritual Leaders that keeping the sabbath is not a serious or ‘salvational’ issue, and certainly not a ‘New Covenant’ issue. But let’s see what the Scriptures tell us.

First, how serious a matter is it, if we choose not to keep Yahuwah’s sabbath days, which include His Feast Days? Notice what the Scriptures tell us:

“Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death” (Exodus 31:14-15)

From the above passage, we can see that whether or not we choose to keep Yahuwah’s sabbath days is a most serious issue.

But is this a salvation issue, i.e. a New Covenant issue? Let’s see.

“Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant…” (Hebrews 13:20)

In the above passage, we are reminded that in Scripture, the New Covenant in Yahushua’s blood has an official name: the Everlasting Covenant.

So if we want to see whether an issue is a ‘salvational’ issue or not, we need to seek out everything in Scripture that is an ‘Everlasting Covenant’ issue. Here is one item we find:

“Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual <05769> [everlasting; eternal] covenant“(Exodus 31:16)

So we see that keeping Yahuwah’s sabbath days is indeed a New [Everlasting] Covenant issue. And for those who have been redeemed by the blood of Yahushua, we see that it can become a serious issue, when we factor in what is required to abide [remain] in Messiah, who ‘is’ our Salvation.

From the Scriptures, we see that the Key to Knowing God is indeed Keeping His Sabbaths.

Related Articles:

  • The Sabbath Day Secret – Messiah has given His Sabbath Days as a great blessing that is hidden from the world, but is given only to those who love Him, honour Him and obey Him.
  • The Sabbath Day is a Sign – According to Scripture, Messiah has given His Sabbath Days to His children, as a sign or banner displayed by those who know Him, who are abiding in Him, and who love Him.
  • Messiah: The Word Made Flesh – A look at some of the mysteries surrounding the identity of Yahushua the Messiah.
  • If You Love Me, Keep ‘My’ Commandments – Do we show our love for Messiah, in the way He has told us — or have we lost sight of His identity?
  • What Are the Ten Commandments? – Also called The Ten Words, these Scripture passages are shown in both Hebrew and English, enabling us to see for ourselves what these Commandments actually say. When we as New Covenant Believers understand whose words they are, we can better know how to respond to them.
  • Obeying Torah is Not About Salvation – Obedience to the Torah [Father’s House Rules for His family] is not about our redemption by Yahushua’s blood. Instead, it is Messiah’s New Testament instruction to all Born-again Believers in how to abide in Him, how to love Him, and how to walk as He walked.
  • Seven Biblical Guidelines for Studying the Bible: Using Scripture to Interpret the Scriptures – What is the source of our current understanding of the Bible? The pure Truths of Scripture are of highest importance — how we understand the Scriptures will affect our eternal condition! To avoid being deceived by man-made doctrines, we must not rely on Preachers, Teachers, Bible notes or commentaries. Instead we must study and understand the Bible for ourselves — not looking through the lenses of tradition or man-made Bible study methods — but relying only on what the Bible actually says about how to study and understand the Scriptures! Here are 7 Biblical Guidelines that show us the way!
  • Contending for The Faith – We are exhorted to contend, to fight to remain in The Faith that was originally given. Scripture shows what The Faith is, and shows why and how we must contend for The Faith. Overview of how the adversary attacks the foundation of The Faith, with examples of contending for The Faith.
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins – Yahushua tells us why many today are not prepared.
  • The Wise and Foolish: According to Yahushua – Messiah tells us in clear and simple terms for our instruction, who the wise and foolish are today!
  • The Wise and Foolish Virgins: The Separation of the Wise – The Scriptures reveal a 2-step process of separation from the multitudes, for those who would grow in Wisdom.
  • Let No Man Steal Your Crown – Reveals there are men today trying to take away, and steal your Bridal veil, and your crown; things that allow your crown to be stolen; the Doctrine of Balaam, and how it will steal your crown.
  • Who is the Chaste Virgin? – The Bridegroom is coming for His Bride — one who is chaste, and without corruption. The Scriptures warn us of the many forms of corruption, and how to remove them, in order to remain chaste, and ready for the Bridegroom.
  • The Wedding of the King’s Son: A Parable – A parable revealing the astonishing – and magnificent – nature of the New Covenant.
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Let Us Keep the New Covenant Passover

bread and cup

"Messiah our Passover has been sacrificed for us, (1Co 5:7-8) therefore let us keep the Feast."

To find out why all followers of Messiah are called to observe the Passover, see the following:

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The ‘Wise’ Virgins
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oil lamp with flame

…were those
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(Mat 25:4; Ps 111:10)

The Wise Virgins were ready to go in with
the Bridegroom.

bible picture

To see what the Bible itself says about how we are to study for ourselves and properly interpret God’s Word, see the following:
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