The Passover Supper
Yahuweh told Moses to instruct the Israelites to take a lamb for each house, and to kill the lamb on the fourteenth day of the first month. They were then to apply the blood of the lamb to the doorpost of each house, with the result that the destroyer would ‘pass over’ those houses having blood over the door; those in that household would be saved, and not die.
The Israelites were then instructed to roast the lamb and eat it that night, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. This day would become an everlasting, eternal memorial, in which the Children of Israel are to remember that Yahuweh smote the ancient land of Egypt, and executed judgment against their gods; He then saved His people from death by the Blood of the Lamb, and set them free from their bondage of slavery in Egypt.
Yahuweh gave the Feast of Passover to Israel as a part of the Everlasting Covenant between Yahuweh and His people, and they were told to allow no foreigners to eat of it — except that ‘Strangers’ (Gentiles) in Covenant with Yahuweh were allowed to eat thereof (Ex 12:45-48). To understand how the Passover relates to those Gentiles under the New Covenant, let’s begin with Yahushua, for He kept the Passover.
Messiah Ate the Passover Supper
The night before Yahushua died on the stake, He kept the Passover with His Disciples, and in doing so, revealed some new information about Passover:
And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples. And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover… 26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. (Matthew 26:18-19; 26-28)
In the above passage, we see that as they were eating the Passover meal, Yahushua revealed to His Disciples the prophetic meaning of the familiar Passover Feast that Israel had been keeping for centuries.
Here Yahushua reveals that the Bread of Passover speaks of His Body that was broken, as a sacrifice for His people; and that the cup of wine of Passover speaks of His Blood that was shed for them. We are also told that this Blood is the Blood of the New Covenant, which is also called the Everlasting Covenant:
Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, 21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen. (Hebrews 13:20-21)
In the above passage, we are told that the Blood of Yahushua is the Blood of the Everlasting Covenant. But in Matthew 26:28 above, we see that the Blood of Yahushua is the Blood of the New Covenant. We then understand that this is not a contradiction, but we are seeing two different ‘labels’ describing the same, eternal Covenant between Yahuweh and His people, as seen throughout the Scriptures. One describes its eternal or ‘everlasting’ feature, the other describes the ‘newness’ and uniqueness of its nature. Let’s now look closely at the Passover cup.
The Passover Cup: An Offer of Betrothal
In the ancient Jewish Marriage Betrothal, it is customary for the Bridegroom to read the Marriage Contract or ‘Covenant’ to the Bride, and then offer a cup of wine to the Bride, as an offer of betrothal. Her acceptance of the Bridegroom’s Covenant is seen in her drinking from His cup. The drinking of the wine from the Betrothal cup symbolizes the sealing of the Marriage Covenant by blood. All these features of the Betrothal Cup can be seen in the Passover cup.
What is the Betrothal Cup of Messiah?
To find the answer to this question, let’s notice in the above passage in Matthew 26:27-28 (and again in Luke 22:20), what Messiah did at the end of the Passover meal. After Supper, Messiah offered unleavened bread, and a cup of wine, as an offer to enter into a Covenant with His Bride, as an offer of Betrothal.
Notice also that those present at this Passover “Betrothal Supper” may respond to Messiah’s offer of Betrothal, which is His invitation to drink of the cup of wine of the Marriage Covenant.
Those present may accept, by drinking of this cup; those not present, miss out on the opportunity to respond to the offer of Betrothal.
It would be well to note at this point, that the Bride is identified by her presence at the Passover Supper. We might say that it is her attendance at the Passover Supper, that reveals the identity of the Bride.
In eating of the Passover bread, one is making commitment to eat of the “Bread of Life” of Messiah, to eat every word that proceeds out of the mouth of Yahuweh. This is the Marriage Contract.
In drinking of the Passover Cup, one is making commitment to receive the Life of Messiah, which life is in the blood (Lev 17:11; John 6:53). Drinking the Passover cup also shows an acceptance of the offer of Covenant with Messiah, saying “I Do,” as it were, just as in a marriage covenant, where the two are to become “one.”
So we see that eating the Passover meal, and drinking from the cup after the Passover meal, signify acceptance of Messiah’s Betrothal Cup.
Let’s look further at the Passover Cup and its meaning.
The Passover Cup: The Blood of the New Covenant
The Passover cup is the Covenant in Yahushua’s Blood (Mt 26:28; Mk 14:24; Luke 22:20). This Blood of the Covenant is to be sprinkled upon both the Words, and upon the people. This is the Scriptural requirement for ratifying, or confirming Yahuweh’s Covenant with His people, as seen in Hebrews 9:19-20 and Exodus 24:8.
This sprinkling of Blood is also seen as a means of ‘marking’ those people who accept the terms of Yahuweh’s New Covenant, just as the Israelites’ houses were marked during the Passover in Egypt (Exodus 24:7-8; Heb 9:19-20).
Anyone who drinks from the Passover Cup of Redemption in Messiah’s Blood, thus sprinkles both the Words of the Covenant, and the People of the Covenant (ones own person) concurrently.
We must not only see the importance of the Passover Cup, but we must also identify the Marriage Contract or Covenant. Let’s now identify the Words of the Covenant.
The Marriage Contract: The Words of the New Covenant
Most today would speak of only the New Testament writings as the Words of the New Covenant. But let’s see what the Scriptures tell us.
Yahushua tells us that the ‘foolish’ virgins are those who are slow of heart, for they do not believe (are not “DO-ers of) all that the Prophets have spoken (Luke 24:25). Let’s then look at what the Prophets have spoken about the New Covenant writings.
King David, in speaking of Yahuweh’s Everlasting Covenant, tells us the same Covenant was used to confirm the same covenant to Abraham, and to Isaac, and to Jacob for a Law, and to Israel for an Everlasting Covenant (Psalms 105:8-10); we are then told that the Everlasting Covenant is the covenant made in Yahushua’s Blood (Hebrews 13:20), telling us the New Covenant is Yahuweh’s Everlasting covenant! .
Jeremiah tells us that the Words of the New Covenant are the Words of Yahuweh’s Torah — His Instructions for His people — put within, and written on the heart of the Believer (Jer 31:31-33).
Ezekiel speaks of the Everlasting Covenant to be made with Yahuweh’s people, whereby a new heart would be given to them, and a new Spirit put within them, so that they would then walk in all of Yahuwah’s statutes and ordinances, and do them. We are also told that Yahuweh Himself would cause them to walk in His statutes, and His judgments (Eze 11:19-20; 36:26-27). We will look further at these words of the prophets below.
The sprinkling of the Blood of the covenant, thus ratifies or confirms each parties’ agreement with, and participation in, the Words of the Covenant; those who are thus sprinkled are bound to its terms and conditions, and to its performance.
As we will see below, those who choose to become bound or yoked to Messiah by His Blood Covenant, will also receive of His Grace to perform their part of the Covenant. But let us first understand the importance of confirming whether we are partakers of Messiah Yahushua, and His Covenant. Let us now look at how the Covenant is to be confirmed.
The Passover Cup:Confirming the Covenant
Thus it is, that those who accept this Covenant in Messiah’s Blood must not do so lightly. When one drinks from the Passover Cup, he is actually ratifying, or confirming that he will be a partaker of Yahuweh’s New Covenant — also called the Everlasting Covenant — and that he is now bound to keep the terms and provisions of this Everlasting Covenant (Luke 22:20; Heb 13:20).
But what are the terms of the Everlasting Covenant? We mentioned above that many today think that the New Testament writings are the sole container of the terms and provisions of the Everlasting Covenant. In order to see the complete terms and provisions of this Covenant, we must know where to look. We must look in Scripture, in the ‘Book of the Covenant.’
The Book of the Covenant
The Book of the Covenant was found in the House of Yahuweh:
And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant. (2Kings 23:21)
Note in the above passage that the keeping of Passover is written in the “Book of the Covenant.” It is noteworthy that the same Book of the Covenant is identified in (2Kings 22:11) as the “Book of the Torah,” and is the same “Book of the Covenant” written by Moses on Mt. Sinai (Exodus 24:3-4; 24:6-8).
Just as Jeremiah tells us that Yahuweh would write the Torah on the hearts of Yah’s people as part of His New Covenant, we now see that keeping of the Passover is a part of Yahuweh’s ‘Book of the Covenant’ with His people.
Let’s now look at some specific terms and provisions of the Everlasting (New) Covenant, to see how Yahuweh expects His people to participate with Him in His Covenant.
The Everlasting Covenant:Some of its Terms
Notice a few of the terms and provisions of this Everlasting Covenant, also called the ‘New’ Covenant:
And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’S passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. 14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever<05769> [eternal, everlasting]. (Exodus 12:11-14)
Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. 23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. 24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever<05769> [eternal, everlasting]. (Exodus 12:21-24)
Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. 14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual<05769> [eternal, everlasting] covenant. (Exodus 31:13-16)
For thus saith the LORD unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant; 5 Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting<05769> [eternal, everlasting] name, that shall not be cut off. 6 Also the sons of the stranger[Gentiles], that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; 7 Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people. (Isaiah 56:4-7)
And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. 21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever<05769> [eternal, everlasting]. (Isaiah 59:20-21)
Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them [Lit. "that they might know 'I AM' who sanctifies them"]. 13 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them. (Ezekiel 20:12-13)
I am the LORD your God; walk in my statutes, and keep my judgments, and do them; 20 And hallow my sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between me and you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God [Lit. "that they might know 'I AM' who is your 'Mighty One'"]. 21 Notwithstanding the children rebelled against me: they walked not in my statutes, neither kept my judgments to do them, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; they polluted my sabbaths: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them, to accomplish my anger against them in the wilderness. (Ezekiel 20:19-21)
Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season. 3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it. (Numbers 9:2-3)
At this point, some would say that the above provisions are for only our Jewish Brethren to keep, and that Gentiles are somehow exempted. So let’s shine some further light on the New Covenant — to review, and to be reminded of, what the New Covenant is, and with whom it is made.
Gentiles Grafted In: Now Part of Israel
Let’s recall that the Everlasting (New) Covenant is to be made only with the house of Israel, and the house of Judah, but includes all (Gentiles) who are grafted-in to the ‘tree’ of Israel, by faith in Messiah (Jeremiah 31:31-33). The apostle Paul goes on to explain this ‘word to the Gentiles’ who follow Messiah:
That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: 13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. (Ephesians 2:12-13)
For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches. 17 And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree; 18 Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. 19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in. 20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear: 21 For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee. 22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. 23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again. 24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree? (Romans 11:16-24)
Here Paul reminds us, that before we were ‘in’ Messiah, we were “aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise….” Then Paul goes on to say, “But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.” Paul is saying that in Messiah, we are no longer far away from the commonwealth of Israel, and the Covenants of promise — but we are now invited to have a part in its promises, and its provisions!
Now let’s look at two of the ‘Covenants of Promise’ to which Paul refers in Ephesians, as revealed by the Prophet Jeremiah:
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: 33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law<08451>["Torah"] in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. (Jeremiah 31:31-33)
In the above passage in Jer 31:33 we are given the promise of the New Covenant — and we are told the New Covenant consists of the placement of the Torah within the Believer, and the writing of the Torah in their hearts. But the Torah is the embodiment of all the individual Covenants and promises made to Yahuweh’s people, with the ultimate promise being Messiah Himself, living within His people.
Now notice another of the promises of His Covenant:
Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. 26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. 27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them. 28 And ye shall dwell in the land that I gave to your fathers; and ye shall be my people, and I will be your God. (Ezekiel 36:25-28)
In the above passage in Eze 36:25-28, we see the promise of a new heart, the Spirit of Messiah (the Holy Spirit) put within the Believer. But notice also that one stated purpose of the Holy Spirit is to ’cause’ His people to walk in His Statutes, with the result that His people will keep His judgments (keep His mishpatim, all His Word, from Genesis through Malachi), and do them.
Folks, this means those who are ‘His people’ are being led by the Holy Spirit to keep Passover — just as Messiah did , for our example — and to keep all Yahuweh’s other Feasts and Sabbaths.
But how can we Keep all His Sabbaths, and His judgments? Let’s look.
The New Covenant: Only By Grace
We are reminded that Messiah must be the one who keeps both sides of His Everlasting (New) Covenant agreement with us, just as He did with Abraham:
And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. 18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: (Genesis 15:17-18)
In the above passage in Gen 15:17-18, we see an early-on Scripture illustration of the Grace of Yahushua, who will fulfill the Everlasting Covenant on our behalf.
As a ‘Smoking Furnace’ He fulfills His half of the Covenant provisions by His promise.
Then as a ‘Burning Lamp’ He fulfills our half of the Covenant provisions by His Grace — by giving us His Holy Ghost enablement — His ability, that we might walk in obedience to His Word.
As with Abraham, Messiah keeps both sides of His Everlasting Covenant agreement with us. He fulfills His provisions by His promise — and our provisions by His Grace — the Holy Ghost ability to walk in obedience.
However, in order for Him to fulfill our part of the Covenant, we must lay down our stubbornness and rebellion, and begin to allow Him (living within us) to walk in obedience to His Everlasting Covenant.
We must lay down “our own understanding” — which is the ‘idol’ many follow, for they have substituted man’s understanding, and doctrines and commandments of men, for Father’s clear and simple Word. Any substitute for Yah’s Word is an idol, and is idolatry. We must say as Yahushua did, “Not my will, but Yours be done” (Luke 22:42).
We must then begin to allow Yahushua Messiah (living within us) to walk in obedience to His Everlasting Covenant. We must choose whether we will be among the Wise Virgins, or the Foolish, at the arrival of the Bridegroom. We must therefore choose wisely.
As part of our choosing wisely, let us be reminded that many have been called — commanded, invited, and called by name — to attend the great Wedding Feast of the King’s Son. But let’s notice the responses of some of those invited. We will look at two parallel passages:
Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper<1173> ["Feast"], and bade[called, invited] many: 17 And sent his servant at supper<1173> ["Feast"] time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready. 18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused. 19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused. 20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come. 21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind. 22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room. 23 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled. 24 For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper<1173> ["Feast"]. (Luke 14:16-24)
The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, 3 And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. 4 Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. 5 But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: 6 And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them. 7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. 8 Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. 9 Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. 10 So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests. 11 And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: 12 And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. 13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 14 For many are called, but few are chosen. Matthew 22:2-14 (Matthew 22:3-4)
First, notice in Matthew 22:9, that the command was given to “Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage<1062>, which includes a Marriage Feast or Marriage Supper. Then we are told in Matthew 22:14, that “many are called, but few are chosen.”
Notice in this passage that the wording hints of the meaning that “many have been called, but few (have) chosen” — that is, few have made the choice to attend the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. The few sought it out (in Scripture), the many did not.
The few made the effort to attend the Bridegroom’s Feasts, and stumbled into attending the Marriage Supper, almost by accident. Of the many, perhaps some had planned to attend on a different day — and so would not be bothered by the trouble of following the Bridegroom’s example, of walking in His footsteps.
Therefore, Dear Reader you too must choose, whether to be among the wise Virgins, or the Foolish.
Choose Wisely, Dear Reader.
Choose to participate in the Passover: The Marriage Supper of the Lamb.
Choose to confirm your participation in Messiah’s New Covenant! ~